The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 56
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
war against all the neighboring nations, and to free themselves
from the Huasas (who live farther to the north and whom we do
not know), who are said to be exceedingly swift in a race, they use
the device of cutting off their horses tails. At the present time,
they are at peace with the Lipanes, who have always been their
The Lipanes unite all the vices of the Comanches with those
peculiar to themselves-the quality of being very astute and dar-
ing in their hostile expeditions they have acquired from the long
communication they have had with the Spaniards during times
of peace. Therefore, to their natural barbarity, they add a con-
siderable knowledge of the art of war. It has not been possible
to induce them to live in fixed habitations. They love liberty
and are greatly interested in their ideas of idolatry and heathen
rites. They ordinarily live on game and wild fruits. They also
eat horse meat when forced to do so. And, although they like
Spanish cooking, they are not inclined to cultivate the soil. In
times of peace, they live on the frontiers of Coahuila, Neuvo
Reyno [de Le6n] and Colonia [de Nueva Santander], pitching
their camps as far as the Province of Texas. Many of them
have learned to speak Castillian; although with a poor pronunci-
ation, but they understand it very well. Their commerce is lim-
ited to tanned deer and buffalo skins which they paint with great
skill. They also sell horses and mules which they take in their
rounds-ups. They have many wives like the Comanches. They
are given to lust and bestiality. This nation amounts to some-
thing like seven hundred of all ages and sexes. Many of them
have learned to play cards, which they do with great skill.
The Tancahues live a wandering life on the margins of the
Guadalupe, San Marcos, Colorado, and Brazos. In customs, in-
clinations, and modes of living, they are very similar to the
Comanches and the Lipanes, of whom they are sometimes enemies.
They are not so warlike as those Indians, but they are not en-
tirely lacking in valor and disposition tc carry on offensive war-
fare and to defend themselves. However, on the other hand, they
are lazier and greater knaves-from this arises their want and
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/62/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.