The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 57
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Texas in 1820
misery. They are but little inclined to the chase. They live
mostly on wild fruits and fish. Their commerce is exceedingly
meager because of their laziness and their scant traffic with for-
eigners. They are not so ferocious as the Comanches. They do
not exceed five hundred in numbers. They are idolatrous and
superstitious, and have many wives. They paint their faces and
arms so as to form different figures, cutting themselves with
lancets, and using charcoal. At present they are peaceable be-
cause of the war they are engaged in with the other nations.
The Tahuacanos live on the banks of the Brazos, on fixed set-
tlements, towards the northeast, about ninety leagues from Bexar.
They resemble other barbarians in their moral customs, but they
differ widely from them in other things. They cultivate the soil
from which they gather an abundance of fruits upon which they
live, together with the products of the chase to which they are
also inclined. When they are at peace with the Spaniards, they
receive them and treat them kindly. They are superstitious and
lovers of idolatry. They have many wives. They make war
against the Comanches over buffalo hunting, and against the
Tancahues for stealing their crops. Their huts are of straw, but
of good size and clean and well shaped. They number about
eight hundred persons. They live in three pueblos. They trade
with foreigners from whom they receive arms, ammunition, to-
bacco, and other merchandise. This is why they are at war with
the Spaniards. Their granaries are under ground. In them, they
preserve their seeds for two years. They paint their arms and
faces like the Tancahues, although they use different figures.
The Tahuayases live on the river Colorado de Natchitoches,
above this settlement. They do not differ very greatly from the
Tahuacanos, whose customs and traits they share. Like the
Tahuacanos, they cultivate the soil, and are fond of hunting by
which they live. They make war against the Comanches and
against other barbarous nations of the north. Their houses are
like those of the Tahuacanos. Some are of wood. They are ac-
customed to go down to Bexar. Besides, they trade with other
nations. Some of these Indians are white, due to their mixture
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/63/: accessed May 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.