The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 58
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
with foreigners, who are accustomed to visit their pueblos by way
of the Colorado de Natchitoches in order to trade in furs. They
number a little over one thousand.
The Aguajes live to the north of the Tahuayases. They are
much like the Comanches in customs and habits. They trade
their furs to foreigners and never visit Bexar because of the dis-
tance, and their occupation of war with the other hostile nations
of the north. Their number reaches to a little more than eight
hundred persons of all ages and sexes.
[Description of the Province of Texas]
The Province of Texas, whose inhabitants are the barbarians
and wild beasts, with the exception of the people of Sn. Antonio
de Bexar and the Presidio of Bahia del Espiritu Santo, the only
settlements of Spaniards and they are but small, is a spacious
and extensive territory. It has many rivers to water it. The
principal ones are the Guadalupe, Colorado, Brazos de Dios, Trin-
idad, and Neches with the Sabine. Their are famous for their
volume of water and length, along the course of which they re-
ceive a great number of rivers, arroyos, and springs. All these
rivers empty into the Gulf of Mexico at different points; and, al-
though there are no ports, so-called, navigation and use, aided
by industry, would make them so in fact.
The land is extremely fertile. covered with all kinds of trees,
especially from the Colorado river to the coast and the frontier
of Natchitoches. There are immense forests of oaks, pines, cedars,
and cypress of great size along the plains, for the mountain regions
are unknown. It produces, in great abundance, all, kinds of cul-
tivated and wild plants, roses, and aromatic and medicinal plants,
like the cisperina and others. In the woods of Nacogdoches, there
is a tree from whose sap is secured sugar as good as that from
the cane. On the banks of the Sabine there are chestnuts, pine-
nuts, and other fruits. Medlar-trees are common and nuts are
abundant. Near Bexar, they gather apricots of as good flavor as
those under cultivation. In all the rivers, arroyos, and springs
there are abundant quantities of fish and other products of differ-
ent kinds. Fine pearls are found in some of them, and in all of
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/64/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.