The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 67
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Texas in 1820
14th. Since the inhabitants of the province have within their
midst a port so excellent as is the port of Matagorda, where at
first and second hand the goods needed could be received with
great ease and that too, perhaps, in exchange for the products of
their own soil without the necessity of expending any money
whatever, we can find ho reason or justice to convince us that we
should be deprived of a benefit which nature has so liberally be-
stowed upon us. For this reason, we repeat the request for the
opening of the said port in order to destroy, at its roots, the
odious contraband trade across the frontier of which some of the
citizens of this place are accused. We have not yet seen progress
made in this manner. Yet, if some practice it, it is not from
ambition to accumulate riches, but because of the miseries they
suffer and the ease with which they can relieve their sufferings
by the sale of any kind of horses for which there is at least fifty
per cent profit in current money or in very useful goods. In this
way, they supply their necessities. And, if this is the only relief
these inhabitants receive, there is no reason for depriving them
of it by seizing upon the contraband goods they accumulate.
15th. The missions of this province contain only the small
number of 278 inhabitants. These are governed by a local alcalde,
appointed and approved by the government and subject in all
matters to its authority and ministered by a priest from the Col-
lege of Nuestra Sefiora de Guadalupe, with the rank of president
who, since he has no assistance from his stipend for the purpose
of providing for subsistence, is compelled to abandon the missions
at certain times to obtain alms. The two priests who serve the
missions of la Bahia del Espiritu Santo do the same thing. If
they were paid the proper salaries, without doubt, they would
dedicate themselves to their ministry.
16th. The branded horses which are captured from the In-
dians or from other enemies either by means of a campaign, a
skirmish, or other military operation, should also very properly
be turned over to the sindico procurador or treasurer who may be
named, in order that he may hand them over to their owners or
sell those without known owners for the benefit of the fund of
advitrios which should be created in this city.
17th. If all and each one of the articles contained in these in-
structions be placed in execution and certain practice, we shall
already have begun the prosperity of this province, the happiness
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/73/: accessed March 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.