The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920 Page: 3
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Texas Annexation Sentiment in Mississippi, 1835-1844 3
pendence is established. The acquisition of Texas would give the
South an equality in the Union by which she could maintain her
rights and meet the North upon fair ground." This journal wel-
comed the Texas question as settling who were for "Texas and
liberty to the South, or against Texas and white freedom in the
South," and pointed out that the acquisition of Texas would give
the South an equality in the Union by which she could main-
tain her rights, and meet the North upon fair ground.3 The an-
nexation of Texas is thus put solely upon political or sectional
grounds. Eight years later this same journal was protesting vigor-
ously against the annexation of Texas, but the subject had then
become in Mississippi, as elsewhere, an exciting party question.
The Woodville Republican in its issue of December 10, 1836, de-
clared in favor of the annexation of Texas, since it would come
in as a slave-holding State; it referred to the article in the Texas
Constitution which formally declared all persons of color slaves
for life as likely to be highly approved by those citizens of South-
ern birth who were disposed to emigrate to the new land of
promise. In expressing regret at Governor McDuffe's attitude in
regard to Texas, it declared that "the almost entire opposition to
the recognition of the independence of Texas and annexation to
the United States arises from a hostility to Southern institutions."
It also called attention to the fact that Calhoun, in a speech at
Columbia, S. C., had proclaimed that "Texas must be annexed
to the Union," and to his clearly pointing out the vital importance
to the South of acquiring the new territory.4 The Weekly Courier
and Journal, a leading Whig organ, pronounced in favor of the
acquisition of Texas, and advised the purchase of Texas scrip from
agents then in Natchez. It declared Van Buren and the whole
junto of the Albany Regency decidedly hostile to the cause of
Texas, and agreed with the Washington correspondent of the New
Orleans Bulletin that what the North feared most was the enlarge-
ment of slave-holding territory. It warned its readers, however,
that the admission of Texas into the Union might be prevented
entirely by constitutional barriers." Herein is foreshadowed one
3Quoted in the Woodville Republican, June 4, 1836.
'Issues of May 28, 1836; January 14, April 15, 1837, quoting the
"Issues of February 10, 24, 1837; March 17, 1837.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920, periodical, 1919; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/m1/9/: accessed April 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.