The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 7
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Question of Texan Jurisdiction in New Mexico, 1848-50 7
mended that the legislature take some action so that the Texan
representatives in Congress might feel authorized to protest against
an infringement of Texan rights or a usurpation of any portion
of her territory. In addition, he suggested that suitable action
be taken for the immediate enforcement of the civil and political
jurisdiction of the state over the Santa FP region.10
As a result, on March 15, the county of Santa F was created,
beginning at the junction of Rio Puerco, with the Rio Grande,
and running up the principal stream of the Rio Grande to its
source; thence due north to the forty-second degree of north lati-
tude; thence along the boundary line as defined in the treaty be-
tween the United States and Spain to the point where the one
hundredth degree of longitude west from Greenwich, intersects Red
river; thence up the principal stream of Red river to its source;
thence in a direct line to the source of the principal stream of
the Rio Puerco, and down said Rio Puerco to the place of be-
This included practically the entire region of New Mexico to which
Texas had laid claim by the boundary act of 1836, and was the
first actual legislation since that act that directly affected the ter-
ritory. Two weeks previously, an act had been passed providing
for the control of the militia of the Santa F6 district,12 and other
acts were speedily passed, allowing it one representative in the
Texas house of representives, and establishing the eleventh judicial
district of the state, to be composed of the new county.'3 It was
provided that court should be held twice a year at Santa FP, and
Spruce M. Baird was sent there to serve as judge for the newly
created district, with additional instructions that part of his duty
was to be the organization of the new county, and the formal
establishment there of the Texan jurisdiction.'4
In addition to this legislation a resolution was adopted on March
20, which stated that since the people of Santa Fd, which was an
integral part of Texas, were believed to. have attempted to estab-
"Senate Journal, 2nd Texas Legislature, 465-468.
11Gammel, TLaws of Texas, III, 95; see also Batts, Defunct Counties of
Texas, in THE QUARTERLY, I, 91.
12Ibid., III, 50.
"Ibid., III, 96; see also Niles' Register, LXXIV, 224.
"Davis, El Gringo, 110; Niles' Register, LXXIV, 211. Bancroft, His-
tory of Arizona and New Mexico, 455, follows the Register by giving this
name as Beard, but his own correspondence shows that Baird is correct.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/13/: accessed May 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.