The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 8
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8 The Southweslern IHistorical Quarterly
lish a separate government in direct violation of the rights of
Texas, the government of the United States was to be requested to
issue orders to the military officers at Santa F6 to aid the officers
of Texas in organizing the region, and in enforcing the laws of
Texas in case resistance should be offered.15 Governor Wood at
once asked that this be done, "to the end that the State of Texas
may in no wise be embarrassed in the exercise of her rightful
jurisdiction over that territory.""6 After waiting for what he con-
sidered a reasonable time for a reply, Wood wrote again in October,
expressing the surprise of the people of Texas at the efforts of
the United States government to deprive them of territory which
had previously been conceded to them. He claimed that the sole
reason for leaving the question of boundaries open at the time of
annexation was that the United States "might not have to ap-
proach the settlement of her actual or prospective difficulties with
Mexico, clothed with only a qualified and imperfect power of ad-
justment." In his opinion, the United States government was
simply an agent and trustee for Texas, and as such she could
not acquire a right to any territory within limits even claimed by
Texas. He pointed out that for Texas the question was one of
honor, since she was forced to look to her public domain as her
only source of revenue for the payment of the debt she had con-
tracted in the course of her revolution, and for this reason no
measure to obtain any portion of her territory south of forty-two
degrees or east of the Rio Grande, without ample compensation,
would be considered.'7
When it was learned in Santa F6 that Texas had begun a new
movement to extend her jurisdiction over the territory, steps were
taken by the authorities to arouse opposition among the people.
The principal newspaper of the region, the Santa F6 Republican,
was controlled by the officers of the military government,8 and
through its columns an effort was made to secure an exciting re-
ception for Judge Baird. It says:
We would now inform our Texas friends that it is not necessary
to send us a judge, nor a district attorney, to settle our affairs
1"Gammel, Laes of Texas, III, 218-219.
"Wood to Polk, March 23, 1848, in Austin State Gazette, November 10,
"Wood to Polk, October 6, 1848, in Idem.
"Washington to Baird, November 23, 1848, in Santa FP Papers, Texas
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/14/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.