The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 170
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Indians to keep the peace. The story of the movement into Texas
will be given in a subsequent paper.
Immigration into Lower Louisiana, 1765-1768.-Among the first
immigrants to arrive in Louisiana after the Treaty of 1763 had
converted it into Spanish territory were a number of Acadians who,
as early as 1755, had temporarily taken refuge in Maryland. Be-
tween January and May, 1765, about six hundred and fifty of
these unfortunate people arrived at New Orleans and, later, were
sent to form the statements of Attakapas and Opelousas; while,
in the spring of 1766, two hundred and sixteen others arrived
and received permission to settle on both sides of the German
Coast1 as far up as Point Coup6e. The reports which they made
in regard to their new homes reached the ears of Henry Jernigham,
an Englishman in Maryland. He at once opened up a corre-
spondence with the governor of Louisiana and despatched an
agent to New Orleans to make arrangements for the reception
of a large number of English Catholics who were discontented
because of their treatment by the Colonial government, and who,
therefore, desired to follow their former neighbors and friends.
This agent was kindly received and assisted in exploring the coun-
try as far north as the new trading post just established at St.
Louis, since the governor believed that this movement would lead
to the settlement of the country by a people hostile to the English
government. He even believed that a "torrent" of immigration
would flow in, not only from Maryland, but also from neighbor-
ing territories.2 But a careful search of the Archivo General de
Indias has failed to disclose any evidence of a general movement
of English toward Louisiana. Indeed, everything seems to indi-
cate that the plan was never carried out. Nevertheless, the cor-
respondence and the report of the agent must have spread abroad
information in regard to the advantages offered immigrants by
Beginning of Settlement in Upper Louisiana, 1767.-Spain was
xThe German coast embraced the present parishes of St. Charles and St.
John. It was founded in 1723 by some two hundred and fifty Germans
who had been sent to Law's concession in Arkansas and who were granted
lands on the Mississippi as a compensation for their losses due to the
failure of Law's financial schemes. Fortier, History of Louisiana, I, 70.
'Documents contributed by James A. Robertson, The American Historical
Review, xvi, 319-327.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/176/: accessed June 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.