The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 17
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Question of Texan Jurisdiction in. New Mexico, 1848-50 17
territory, on the west by California, on the south by the boundary
line between the United States and Mexico, and on the east by
the state of Texas." When it is recalled that to the leaders in
New Mexico the question of how far to the west the state of
Texas extended, was one of the important issues, this failure to
specify a definite boundary on that side would indicate that the
inhabitants were now ready to follow the suggestion which had
been made by President Polk, and to turn the question of the dis-
puted jurisdiction over to Congress to, be settled.
But before any results could be obtained from this movement,
President Taylor had announced himself as favoring the granting
of statehood to both California and New Mexico. Acting upon
this policy, Secretary Crawford wrote to Lieutenant-Colonel George
A. McCall, who. was leaving Washington to join his regiment in
New Mexico, informing him that if the people of New Mexico de-
sired to take any steps toward securing admission as a state, it
would be his duty, and the duty of others with whom he would be
associated, "Not to thwart but advance their wishes," since it was
their right to ask for admission.co
Two months later, in complying with a request from the Rouse
of Representatives for information on the subject of California and
New Mexico, President Taylor took advantage of the opportunity
to state his views officially, and here he expressed regret that New
Mexico had not already been admitted as a state, in order that the
boundary question with Texas might be settled by a judicial de-
cision. Since that had not been done, however, he agreed with
his predecessor that Congress alone possessed the power of adjust-
ment, and he questioned the expediency of attempting to estab-
lish a territorial government there before making such an adjust-
ment.6 But Congress was already deeply involved in debate over
the question, and this message had little effect, other than to fur-
nish new fuel for discussion.
The Question of Control in the El Paso District.-In spite of
the attitude which was being manifested in New Mexico, however,
new troubles over the jurisdiction were close at hand; for almost
"The proceedings of the convention are in House Do. Doc. 17, 31st
Cong., 1st sess. (Ser. no. 573), pp. 93-104; available also in Historical
Society of New Mexico, Publications, No. 10.
6oCrawford to McCall, November 19, 1849, in Ibid., 280-281.
61Taylor's message to Congress, January 21, 1850, in Ibid., 3.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/23/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.