The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 28
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The Southwestern ]-Iistorical Quarterly
found Munroe favorable to the existing state of affairs, while
iHoughton expressed a determination to imprison any person who
should attempt to enforce the laws of Texas. He was told by
members of the original state party that they were now willing
to aid him in the organization, but that they believed that it would
be necessary for Texas to send a military force to New Mexico
before she could exercise jurisdiction, Feeling, however, that
those inhabitants who were favorable to Texas were in the minor-
ity under the existing state of affairs, Neighbors now decided to
defer the calling of an election for Santa F6 county as organized
by the legislature of Texas.'07
But at about the same time that Neighbors reached Santa F6,
Colonel McCall also arrived with information concerning the atti-
tude of the President toward statehood, and in the new possibili-
ties, Neighbors was ignored. As a result of McCall's message
notices were posted, on April 13, calling the citizens of Santa Fs
county, New Mexico, to a meeting to be held a week later for the
purpose of passing resolutions in favor of a state form of govern-
ment, and of requesting the governor of the territory to call a
convention to form a state constitution.'0s As soon as Neighbors
had seen these notices, he protested to Colonel Munroe against
such an action, on the basis of the constitutional provision that
no state should be formed within the jurisdiction of another state,
without the consent of the legislature of the state concerned. He
held that since the government of Texas had expressed its deter-
mination to maintain inviolate all the territory within her boun-
daries, which had been guaranteed to her by the annexation reso-
lution, the move for a state government in New Mexico would be
a violation of that provision.09
Munroe was now confronted with a dilemma. He had not only
received instructions to maintain neutrality in the boundary dis-
pute, but he had also been told through Colonel McCall to give
assistance to any steps which the people of New Mexico might
desire to take toward securing a state government. Under ordi-
106Neighbors to Bell, June 4, 1850, in Ibid., 7-10.
"'Idem; Davis, El Gringo, 110-111, states that he issued a proclama-
tion calling an election, but no evidence of this is to be found in Neigh-
bors' own reports.
"1Sen. Em. Doc. 56, 31st Cong., 1st sess. (Ser. no. 561), p. 14.
.o'Neighbors to Munroe, April 14, 1850, in Ibid., 15; also Senate Jour-
nal, 3rd Legislature, 2nd sess., appendix, 12.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/34/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.