The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 33
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Question of Texan Jurisdiction in Neuw Mexico, 1848-50 33
notified Colonel Munroe that about 750 additional troops were
being sent to Santa P6, for the double purpose of protecting
against Indians, and against "another and more painful contin-
gency" which might be apprehended. This new contingency, he
explained, was the probability that unless the disputed boundary
between Texas and New Mexico was soon established by Congress,
a large body of troops would be raised by Texas and sent to New
Mexico to effect by force of arms the extension of the Texan civil
and political jurisdiction over that part east of the Rio Grande.
In order that Munroe might be able to meet the demands in event
this should happen, Scott proceeded to give him full instructions
as to the necessary course of action under the various probable
methods of procedure which might be used by the Texan invaders.
Munroe was told, however, to profit by all opportunities to avoid
a resort to violence; but a warning was also added, not to lose any
advantage by delaying, and to resist the encroachment vigorously
when it became necessary to protect the people of New Mexico
against violence and the destruction of their property.28
During the same time that this official correspondence was being
carried on, developments were also under way in the region which
was being discussed. The convention for the formation of a state
constitution, which had met on May 15, in accordance with Mun-
roe's call, completed its work on May 25, and within a month the
constitution had been adopted by practically a unanimous vote.124
The limits prescribed for the state were to begin at the Rio Grande
just north of El Paso, and extend from there east to the one hun-
dredth meridian; thence north along the one hundredth meridian
to the Arkansas river; thence up that stream to its source; thence
in a direct line to the Colorado river of the West at its intersection
with the one hundred and eleventh meridian; thence south on that
meridian to the boundary between the United States and Mexico,
and along that boundary back to the Rio Grande, down which it
was to run to the point of beginning.5' The notable feature in
this boundary is the fact that just as the Texas boundary act of
1836 had included territory which by right of occupation belonged
"'Scott to Munroe, August 5, 1850, in Abel (editor), Official Corre-
spondence of James S. Calhoun, 164-165.
12The vote was 6,771 for the constitution; 39 against it. Sen. Ex. Doe.
74, 31st Cong., 1st sess. (Ser. no. 562), p. 2.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/39/: accessed June 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.