The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 34
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The Southwestern historical Quarterly
to New Mexico, so did this constitutional provision reciprocate by
laying claim to territory which Spanish decrees unquestionably in-
cluded in Texas. But it was at last a definite boundary claim on
the part of New Mexico--the first tangible limits which had ever
been named for a province established 250 years previously.
The adoption of a state constitution did not, however, bring an
end for the complications in New Mexico. In the election of state
officers, Henry Connellv was chosen governor, and Manuel Alvarez,
lieutenant-governor.126 In the absence of Connelly, Alvarez as-
sumed charge of the government and proceeded to nominate such
officers as the constitution required. Here Colonel Munroe inter-
posed with the declaration that the military authority remained
in force until Congress agreed to, the admission of New Mexico as
a state, or substituted some other form of government, and that
he would consider any move to appoint officers "as an act, on the
part of all concerned, in direct violation of their duties as citizens
of the United States."m17 Alvarez proved obstinate, however, and
refused to concede that the military government could continue to
exist without the consent of the people, and on July 20, he issued
a proclamation, in accordance with an act of the legislature estab-
lished by the constitution, ordering elections to be held on the sec-
ond Monday in August for the purpose of choosing county officers
in each of the eight countiesl28 of the state.'90
On the same day, Baird, who, not having received Governor
Bell's letter of June 12, was still in Santa F6, issued a proclama-
tion for the holding of an election in Santa F: county, Texas, for
the purpose of choosing both state and county officers under the
Texas rule. This election was to. be held on the first Monday in
August, in accordance with a proclamation of the governor of
Texas, calling for a general election throughout the state.1s0 This
situation seemed to forebode trouble for Colonel Munroe, and as
a result, three days later, on July 23, he issued a proclamation
announcing his purpose of maintaining the military organization
12'Bancroft, History of Arizona and New Mexico, 448.
127Munroe to Alvarez, July 12, 1850, in Austin State Gazette, Septem-
ber 14, 1850.
128Socorro county had been created from a part of the territory of
Valencia county, by a legislative act, approved July 5, 1850.
"This proclamation appears in Abel (editor), Offtcial Correspondence
of James S. Galhoun, 234.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/40/: accessed May 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.