The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 38
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
general rebellion.147 In order to hasten the settlement of the
slavery question, James A. Pearce, of Maryland, had already moved
in the Senate to strike out of the compromise measure all that re-
lated to Texas and New Mexico.14s This motion was adopted,
thus bringing the first step in the break up of the compromise,
and Pearce then introduced a bill providing for the establishment
of the northern and western boundary of the state of Texas, and
for the relinquishment of the territory claimed by her outside of
the limits which he defined. The lines suggested by him form
the present boundary of Texas, and in consideration of the reduc-
tion of her boundaries from those previously claimed, Texas was
to receive ten million dollars."49
The new dangers which had arisen brought about the immediate
consideration of this bill, and it was passed by Congress, after an
amendment was added, providing for the organization of New
Mexico as a territory, and was signed by President Fillmore on
September 9. In November the legislature of Texas voted to ac-
cept its provisions, thus bringing to a close a controversy which
had brought grave dangers for the national government. The
boundary thus agreed upon was far enough west to. conciliate the
Texans; far enough north to please various interests in the United
States; and far enough east to satisfy the advocates of the New
Mexican rigbhs; while the sum offered to Texas was almost the
exact amount needed to cancel her public debt. Each of the three
interested parties had been forced to make concessions, and yet
each had gained its fundamental aims, and therefore the settle-
ment made would seem to present the nearest possible approach to
the establishment of justice for all.
147Alexander H. Stephens, of Georgia, declared in the House that "The
first Federal gun that shall be fired against the people of Texas with-
out the authority of the law will be a signal for the freemen from the,
Delaware to the Rio Grande to rally to the rescue." Ibid., appendix,
1083. Clay expressed a similar fear. Ibid., appendix, 1412.
'48Ibid., appendix, 1473, 1479, 1487.
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/44/: accessed January 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.