The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 39

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Mzrabeaa Buonaparte Lamar

I. Relations with Miscellaneous Indian Tribes
In order to make clear the policy of Lamar in dealing with the
Indians, it will be necessary to discuss in some detail the methods
used by his predecessors in attempting to keep the peace. It will
not be necessary, however, to give a detailed history of the various
tribes which occupied Texas. It will suffice at this point to say
that the usual classification used during the days of the Republic
depended upon the degree of civilization adopted, and the terms
"Wild Indians" and "Civilized Indians" were considered as suffi-
ciently descriptive. Another grouping that was made was the in-
digenous and immigrant, the latter term meaning the more civil-
ized tribes which had come from the United States, and including
the Cherokee and associated bands.1
There was an Indian question in Texas from the time that the
first Anglo-Americans began to arrive. For a dozen years after
Austin brought his first colonists to Texas, the chronicles are full
of Indian atrocities. The year 1832, Yoakum tells us, was the
first in which the settlers had not been attacked often by the
Indians, and their failure to attack that year was due to the fact
that the Comanches and Shawnees had had a great battle in which
so many were killed that they were unable to undertake a war
against the whites.2 In April, 1833, a convention met at San
Felipe to petition for a separation of Texas and Coahuila. It was
asserted that Texas was such a great distance from the center of
government that no adequate means of protection against the In-
dians presented themselves, and this was considered a sufficient
reason for the establishment of a separate state government for
1H. E. Bolton, Athanase de M6ziBres and the Louisiana-Texas Frontier,
1768-1780, pp. 17-122, has an extensive discussion of the indigenous In-
dians of Texas. T. M. Marshall, A History of the Western Boundary of
the Louisiana Purchase, 124-140, is a convenient brief account of the
location and history of the tribes.
2Yoakum, History of Texas, I, 310.

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. ( accessed October 27, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting Texas State Historical Association.