The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 45
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Mirabeau, Buonaparte Lamar
tection of the frontier. The term of service was to be twelve
months. The President was also authorized to order out such
number of the militia as the exigencies of the case might require.
He was further directed to have such block houses, forts, and trad-
ing houses erected, as, in his judgment, might be necessary to
prevent Indian depredations. And finally, it was to be the duty
of the President to enter into such negotiations and treaties as
might secure peace to the frontiers; he was to have power to ap-
point agents to live among the Indians, and to distribute presents
as he deemed necessary, not to exceed in amount twenty thousand
dollars.1 That no steps had been taken for the organization of
the mounted battalion before the middle of the following year, is
indicated by a resolution, approved June 7, 1837, authorizing the
President to absent himself from the seat of government for thirty
days "to organize and set on foot the corps of mounted gun men,
authorized to be raised by the act passed the present session of
congress for the protection of our northern frontier.""' On De-
cember 10, 1836, a joint resolution was approved authorizing and
requiring the President to take such measures "as in his judgment
will effect the release or redemption of our unfortunate prisoners,
captured by and in the possession of hostile Indians, said to be
on the waters of Red River, either by calling for and sending vol-
unteers against said Indians, or by purchase, treaty or otherwise."'
In the spring of 1837 some Mexican agents visited the various
Indians on the frontier, promising them arms, ammunition, all
the booty taken, and peaceful possession of the frontier after the
Americans were driven out, and by these promises many Indians
were induced to join the Mexicans. Houston attempted in June
to organize a mounted force for the punishment of the Indians.
He ordered Lieutenant A. C. Horton, of San Augustine, to raise
a force of one hundred and twenty men and as many more vol-
unteers as were necessary to proceed against the Indians. Nothing
seems to have come of this, however." On November 10, a body
of eighteen rangers fell in with a band of one hundred and fifty
hostile Indians, and after a long battle the Indians were defeated,
leaving fifty dead, while the loss of the Texans was only Lieu-
"'Laws of the Republic of Texas, I, 53-54.
"'Yoakum, History of Texas, II, 228.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/51/: accessed August 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.