The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 47
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Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar
tempt to make a treaty with the Comanches. At the same time
they denied the right of the Cherokees to the land which they
occupied.23 This was not done, however, and the Comanches con-
tinued to harass the western frontier. A few instances are here
given to illustrate the conditions. On August 10 Captain Henry
W. Karnes with twenty-five men was attacked by 200 Comanches,
and after a furious fight drove them off with a loss of twenty of
the assailants. On the Rio Frio, about the same time, a surveying
party was attacked, and several of the party wounded. On Octo-
ber 19 a surveying party seven miles west of San Antonio was
attacked and the surveyors killed. In October also occurred the
surveyors' fight in Navarro County, when twenty-three men fought
several hundred Indians from 9 o'clock in the morning till 12
o'clock at night.24
In the summer of 1838 the Indians of the East became restless,
due partly to the efforts of Mexican agents, and partly to the
failure of the Senate to ratify the treaty with the Cherokees. In
August took place the curious Nacogdoches rebellion. On August
4 a party of citizens who went in search of some horses that had
been stolen found the trail of a large number of Mexicans. On
the 7th it was reported that there were a hundred or more Mexi-
cans encamped about the Angelina under the command of Na-
thaniel Norris, Vicente Cordova, and Cruz. On the 10th it was
reported that the Mexicans had been joined by 300 Indians, and
that their force then amounted to 600. The same day they sent a
letter to President Houston disclaiming allegiance to Texas, and
set out for the Cherokee nation. Major Augustin was detached
with 150 men to follow the rebels, while General Rusk marched
with the main force of the Texans to the village of Bowl, mili-
tary chief of the Cherokees. Before reaching there he found that
the insurgents had dispersed.25
No satisfactory explanation has ever been made of the purposes
that the Mexicans had in mind in this rebellion. On August 20,
a Mexican by the name of Pedro Julian Miracle was killed on the
Red River, and on his body were found instructions from General
Vicente Filisola directed to the Mexicans and friendly Indians in
3"Secret Journals, 75-79.
24Brown, History of Texas, II, 143.
2Yoakum, History of Texas, II, 245-246; Bancroft, North Mexican
States and Texas, II, 320; Brown, History of Texas, II, 143.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/53/: accessed April 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.