The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 51
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Mirabcau Buonaparte Lamar
ties, giving an account of the battle of Kickapoo on the 16th, and
on the 25th he wrote that Rusk had become convinced that the
time had come for a campaign of extermination against all Indians
except the friendly ones.'1 On November 17, General Rusk wrote,
suggesting the creation of a permanent force of five hundred men
to operate against the Indians. At the same time he suggested
that Lamar demand the removal of all United States Indians under
the treaty of 1831 between the United States and Mexico.3"
The inauguration of Lamar was to take place on December 10,
and the stage was set for a declaration of policy different from that
of Houston, who continued to insist that his policy was the only
one that promised success. Houston delivered his valedictory mes-
sage on November 19, and to illustrate the contrast of the attitude
of the outgoing to that of the incoming President, I shall give
his policy as he expressed it. Criticising the whites for their ag-
gression on the Indian lands, Houston said:
The great anxiety of our citizens to acquire land induced them
to adventure into the Indian hunting grounds in numbers not
sufficient for self-protection, and inasmuch as they met with no
serious opposition in the commencement of their surveying, they
were thrown off their guard, which afforded the Indians an oppor-
tunity of taking them by surprise, and hence they became victims
to their own indiscretion and temerity.
The executive anticipated the consequences that would result from
penetrating into the Indian hunting grounds, he said, and had
done everything in his power to prevent such a course. His per-
sonal remonstrances were insufficient to control the determination
.of those whose opinions set at naught admonitions that could not
be legally enforced. The Indians, by gaining partial advantages,
were induced to form more numerous associations, that had ren-
dered them formidable; and occasionally acquiring spoil, they had
been induced to advance upon the settlements in marauding par-
ties, while the continued surveys within their hunting grounds
had so much exasperated their feelings that their invasions had
become formidable to the frontier. He went on to say that the
system of surveying lands had involved the country in all the
calamities that had visited the frontier, and suggested that for
"8McLeod to Lamar, October 22 and 25, 1838, Lamar Papers, Nos. 846,
"8Rusk to Lamar, November 17, 1838, Lamar Papers, No. 876.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/57/: accessed January 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.