The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 57
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Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar
try, and chastise them so that they would make no more attacks
on the frontiers. Colonel John H. Moore, who had followed the
Comanches up the Colorado to their village in February, 1839,
was chosen to lead the expedition. Setting out about the first of
October with ninety men, besides twelve friendly Lipans, he went
up the Colorado about three hundred miles to where Colorado City
now stands. Here the Lipans found the Comanche village in the
bend of the river, with a bluff to cut off their retreat. McLeod
sent thirty men to occupy the bluff, and with his main force made
a surprise attack, which proved fully successful. Only two war-
riors escaped, and a hundred and thirty-four were found dead on
the field. Thirty-four squaws and children were captured. The
Texans had a few wounded but none killed. This ended the or-
ganized attacks of the Comanches during Lamar's administration,
though they continued to annoy outlying settlements."
II. Relations with the Cherokees
A group of Indians that furnished a special problem to the
Texans from their first immigration, consisted of the semi-civilized
tribes which had emigrated from the United States, consisting of
the Cherokees, the Coshattoes, the Kickapoos, the Choctaws, the
Shawnees, the Biloxis, and the Caddoes. Most of these had no
claim to the soil on which they had settled, and contemporaries
and historians have agreed on the justice of their removal from
Texas. The Cherokees did have some claim, however, or thought
they did, to the occupancy and government of the region where
they were settled. The refusal of Lamar to recognize their claims
as valid, and his determination to treat them as other immigrant
tribes, make necessary a full discussion of their claims, both under
the Mexican rAgime and after the Texans had won their inde-
In the winter of 1819-20, the first party of Cherokees, consist-
ing of sixty warriors, left their settlements among the Caddoes
north of Red River, and came into Texas, settling somewhere along
the boundary between the Caddoes and the Prairie Indians.45 By
"Accounts of this campaign can be found in Yoakum, History of Texas,
II, 302-305; Bancroft, North Mexican States and Texas, II, 325-326;
Brown, History of Texas, II, 178-183. Brown as a young man was present
as a volunteer in the battle of Plum Creek, and writes an interesting ac-
count of the battle.
"E. W. Winkler, "The Cherokee Indians in Texas," in Texas Historical
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/63/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.