The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 61
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Mirabeatu Buonaparte Lamar
subdue them4," This letter of Fields's was transmitted to the
government at Mexico City, and Alaman responded immediately
that no such commission and no such grants had been made, stat-
ing that the only agreement was for an extension of the provisional
treaty between Trespalacios and Fields of November 8, 1822.o0
On August 18, 1824, the general colonization law was passed,
giving to the States the right to make regulations for the dis-
tribution of lands within their boundaries. The State of Coahuila
and Texas passed their colonization law on March 24, 1825. Less
than a month later, April 15, 1825, the State granted three con-
tracts for the settlement of two thousand families in the region
claimed by the Indians. Robert Leftwich was to settle eight hun-
dred west of the Cherokee claim, Frost Thorn four hundred north
of their villages, and Edwards eight hundred on the lands claimed
and occupied by the Cherokees. These grants do not, of course,
prove that the Indians had no claim to the lands. It is more
likely that the authorities of the State of Coahuila and Texas
knew nothing of the temporary grant by Trespalacios and con-
firmed by the authorities in Mexico. The granting of their lands
to others, however, led to a threatened revolt, which was prevented
only by earnest efforts on the part of friends of Texas."1 At the
same time Fields was assured that he would get suitable lands,
and he continued to assert all the powers he had claimed before.
On March 20, 1826, when a general Indian war was threatening,
Fields wrote to the political chief at San Antonio promising help
against those Indians, the Comanches and others, who were refus-
ing to come to terms with the Mexicans. A little later Stephen F.
Austin was ordered by the commandante at San Antonio to attack
the Wacoes, Tehuacanos, and other tribes, and he called upon
Fields for assistance, stating that it would be the means of secur-
ing the lands which the Cherokees desired. Fields asserted his
willingness to assist the whites, but said the waters of the Neches
were too high for them to get across. The attack was postponed
at that time, but in the autumn Fields asked permission to make
war on the same Indians, which was granted. Before it could
take place, however, other matters entirely changed the aspect of
affairs, and the Cherokees were ready to attack the Mexicans."
"4Winkler, "The Cherokee Indians in Texas," op. cit., 108.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/67/: accessed January 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.