The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 62
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
In the summer of 1825, about the time that Fields was pre-
paring to secure his lands by force, John Dunn Hunter, a white
man who had spent several years of his youth in captivity with
the Indians, and who had wonderful schemes for civilizing the
Indians, made his appearance among the Cherokees of Texas.
Hunter counselled friendship with the Mexicans, and proceeded to
Mexico City to petition for lands for the Indians, arriving there
on March 19, 1826. It seems to have been the purpose of Hunter
to secure from the government a grant of land in the vacant parts
of Texas and Coahuila for the settlement of nearly 20,000 war-
riors, who were to adopt the Catholic religion, take the oath of
allegiance to the Mexican Government, devote themselves to agri-
cultural labor, and defend the frontiers.53" unter returned about
September and announced the failure of his mission, and the
Cherokees immediately began preparations to gain by force what
they had not been able to get peaceably.
A council was called, and addressed by Hunter and Fields. The
speech of Fields, as reported to Stephen F. Austin by P. E. Bean,
indicates that he was willing to demand perhaps more than he
believed had been granted. In the language of Bean, it was as
In my old Days I travilid 2000 Miles to the City of Mexico to
Beg some lands to setel a Poor orfan tribe of Red Peopel that
looked up to me for Protasion I was Promised lands for them
after staying one year in Mexico and spending all I had I then
came to my Peopel and waited two years and then sent Mr. hunter
again after selling my stock to Provide him money for his ex-
penses when he got there he Staited his mision to Government
they said they New nothing of this Richard fields and treated
him with contampt I am a Red man and a man of onor and
Cant be emposid on this way we will lift up our tomahawks and
fight for land with all those friendly tribes that wishes land also
if I am Beaten I will Resign to fait and if not I will hold lands
By the forse of my Red Warriors. . .
It was at first the purpose of the Cherokees to attack the Amer-
icans in Texas, and they were to begin with Edwards's colony,
which included the lands occupied by them. At about that time,
however, Edwards had become involved in a controversy with the
4P. E. Bean to S. F. Austin, December 30, 1826, in Austin Papers.
Winkler, "The Cherokee Indians in Texas," op. cit., 133.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/68/: accessed September 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.