The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 63
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M irabearu Buonaparte Lamar
authorities and in the end this resulted in the revocation of his
grant. Rather than submit to the loss which this would entail,
Edwards and some of his followers raised a rebellion against the
authority of Mexico, declaring the colony independent under the
name of Fredonia. Hunter thought it best to consult with the
colonists under these circumstances, and he went to Nacogdoches
for the purpose. HI-unter's visit resulted in a treaty of alliance
between the Cherokees and the rebels under Edwards.
The treaty of alliance as drawn up by Hunter and Fields on
the part of the Indians and Harmon B. Mayo and Benjamin W.
Edwards as Agents of the Committee of Independence provided
that the contracting parties bound themselves into a solemn Union,
League and Confederation, in peace and war, to establish and de-
fend their independence against the Mexican United States. The
boundary between the whites and the Indians was outlined, and it
was agreed that the territory apportioned to the Indians was in-
tended as well for the benefit of those tribes living in the terri-
tory apportioned to the whites as for those living in the former
territory, and that it was encumbent upon the contracting parties
for the Indians to offer those tribes a participation in the terri-
It is not my purpose to follow the events connected with this
rebellion. The other American settlers in Texas not only refused
to give any assistance to the rebels, but joined the authorities in
putting them down. The Cherokee chiefs were unable to form a
league of the Indians in Texas, or even to secure the united sup-
port of their own people. Mexican agents went among the In-
dians and promised them land if they would refuse to join in the
movement for independence. Among these agents P. E. Bean was
the most active. Through his influence the political chief wrote
a letter to Fields attempting to explain the failure of the govern-
ment to grant the lands desired, and promising that the grants
would be made as soon as possible. He failed, however, to detach
Fields and Hunter from the alliance; but the activity of the agents
among the Indians themselves was more successful, and the greater
part of them under the leadership of Bowl and Big Mush went
"Foote, Texas and the Texans, I, 253-256; Winkler, "The Cherokee In-
dians in Texas," op. cit., 142.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/69/: accessed August 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.