The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 66
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Indian claims. On November 11 the Consultation adopted articles
for a provisional government, and declared all land offices closed
until a government could be formed and a land office established
under that government capable of issuing valid land grants. The
Indian claims were left as they had been throughout the decade.
Fields had obtained a shadowy temporary right to land. He had
claimed much more for this grant than can be allowed. When the
Mexican authorities failed to put him in possession of the land,
denying knowledge of him in 1825, he joined with the Fredonian
rebels against Mexican authority. In order to overthrow this re-
bellion, the Mexicans promised land to Bowl and Big Mush, with-
out specifying what lands. The Indians insisted on receiving title
to the lands lying between the Trinity and Sabine Rivers north
of the San Antonio Road, though it had been officially granted to
Burnet, Filisola, and others. During 1831-1832 the authorities
contemplated putting the Cherokees in actual possession of that
territory, but failed, as we have seen. When Bowl appealed to the
governor of Coahuila and Texas in 1833, he was given the same
evasive assurances as had been received before, but Beramendi threw
some doubt on his right to the lands occupied. Finally, the con-
gress of Coahuila and Texas proposed to, remove them from their
homes and establish them on the frontiers for defense against the
The Mexican control of Texas passed with the question in this
situation. The Indians had been promised land on numerous occa-
sions, but not the land on which they were located. That land
had been granted to others, so that the Mexican government could
not legally grant it to the Indians. The period closed with the
Indians having no legal claim, and knowing that they had no legal
claim, to lands anywhere in Texas.
The Americans in the beginning of their revolt in 1835 recog-
nized the importance of keeping the Indians quiet. The committees
of safety had suggested the desirability of coming to some agree-
ment with the Indians, and the Permanent Council had appointed
three commissioners to proceed to the Indian villages and discover
the cause of their grievances and attempt to settle them. The
Consultation, which succeeded the Permanent Council, went fur-
ther and recognized the rights of the Indians to the lands they
had occupied and claimed. "We solemnly declare," said the decla-
ration passed by the Consultation the day before adjournment,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/72/: accessed August 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.