The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 69
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Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar
Writing to Bowl on April 13, 1836, during the retreat from Gon-
zales, and after the refusal of the Convention to ratify the treaty,
My friend Col Bowl.
I am busy, and will only say, how da do, to you! You will get
your land as it was promised in our Treaty, and you, and all my
Red brothers, may rest satisfied that I will always hold you by
the hand, and look at you as Brothers and treat you as such!
You must give my best compliments to my sister, and tell her
that I have not wore out the mockasins which she made me; and
I hope to see her and you, and all my relations, before they are
wore out. Our army are all well, and in good spirits. In a little
fight the other day several of the Mexicans were killed, and none of
our men hurt. There are not many of the enemy now in the
Country, and one of our ships took one of the enemy's and took
300 Barrels of flour, 250 Kegs of powder, and much property-
and sunk a big warship of the enemy, which had many Guns."
The purpose of this letter was probably to keep the Indians quiet
by promising them their lands under the treaty and by making
it appear that the Mexicans were making only a slight effort to
subdue the Texans. In December, however, when there was no
danger of the return of the Mexicans, he sent a message to the
Senate urging its ratification. "You will find upon examining this
treaty," he said,
that it is just and equitable, and perhaps the best which could
be made at the present time. It only secures to the said Indians
the usufructuary right to the country included within the boundary
described in the treaty, and does not part with the right of soil,
which is in this Government; neither are the rights of any citizen
of the Republic impaired by the views of the treaty, but are all care-
fully secured by the third article of the same. In considering
this treaty. you will doubtless bear in mind the very great necessity
of conciliating the different tribes of Indians who, inhabit portions
of country almost in the center of our settlements as well as those
who extend along our frontier.67
The Senate took no action at that time; but at the next session
appointed a committee to. consider the treaty and the general In-
dian question, and this committee reported on October 12, 1837.
It declared the opinion that the rights with which Indians might
have been invested by the Mexican government previous to the
"OLamar Papers, No. 352.
"6 ecret Journals, 35.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/75/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.