The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 73
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Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar
had been unsolicited and unauthorized, and had always been a
source of regret to the more enlightened population; that the Fed-
eral Government of Mexico neither conceded nor promised them
lands or civil rights; that they came as intruders, and were posi-
tively forbidden to make any permanent abidance, and had con-
tinued in the country up to that time against the public wish and
at the sacrifice of public tranquility. The offer made to bordering
tribes in the colonization law of Coahuila and Texas contained
precedent conditions which had in no wise been carried out. The
pledge of the Consultation and the treaty drawn up under it had
never been ratified, and, if it had been, the Indians had violated it
time and again.75
In the latter part of 1838 and early part of 1839 the Indians
in the West were active, and the government made preparations
to punish them. To keep the Indians in the East quiet, Lamar
appointed Martin Lacy agent to the Cherokees, Shawnees, and
other tribes. The special object of the appointment, said the in-
structions, was to cultivate and preserve the friendly relations exist-
ing between the frontier inhabitants of Texas and the "Cherokees,
Shawnees, etc., which have emigrated from the United States to
Texas, but whose claim to territory or even its occupancy has not
yet been recognized, and is now a subject of grave deliberation on
the part of the Texian Government." The Cherokees could not
better evince their friendly intentions, he suggested, than by pro-
hibiting intercourse with the hostile Indians.7'
On March 10, 1839, the Texan minister in Washington informed
the government of the United States that the President of Texas
was determined to act with great energy towards those Indians of
the East who had been consistently hostile, and suggested that the
United States take steps to restrain their Indians from assisting
the kindred tribes in Texas. Before entering on a general war,
however, Bowl, chief of the Cherokees, was allowed to visit the
various chiefs and attempt to bring about an adjustment of the
differences with them. Bowl reported that there was a sincere
75Lamar Papers, No. 361; Telegraph and Tewas Register, December 26,
1"Lamar to Martin Lacy, February 14, 1839, Indian Affairs, 1881-1841,
Texas State Library.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/79/: accessed April 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.