The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 74
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
desire on the part of the Indians to resume peaceful relations with
This change in the attitude of the Indians was probably pro-
duced by the destruction of the party of Cordova, March 26, 1839.
Cordova had been active in the rebellion at Nacogdoches in 1838,
and was at the time of his defeat by Burleson probably on his way
to. Matamoras to get supplies for another outbreak similar to that
of 1838. On March 26, 1839, he was discovered with a party of
sixty or seventy Mexicans, Indians, and negroes, encamped at the
foot of the Colorado Mountains. Colonel Burleson collected eighty
men and started on his trail, overtaking him on the Guadalupe,
where a battle was fought resulting in the defeat of the Cordova
party with the loss of about thirty men. Cordova himself escaped,
but this ended his efforts to stir up revolution in Texas.78
Albert Sidney Johnston, Secretary of War, writing to Bowl on
April 10, referred to this action, and said that the recent develop-
ments went to show incontestably that the Cherokees, or a part of
them, the Delawares, Shawnees, Kickapoos, Caddoes, Wacoes,
"Tewankanees," Bodies, and Kechies, about the time he was with
them had entered into a compact with Cordova to carry on the
war as soon as he should return from Matamoras. The assertion
that Cordova had been driven off when he attempted to agitate a
revolt, he said, was probably to gain time and to conceal the object
of the journey to Matamoras.
The President grants peace to them but is not deceived. They
will be permitted to cultivate undisturbed as long as they manifest
by their forbearance from all aggressive acts and their friendly
conduct the sincerity of their professions or until Congress shall
adopt such measures in reference to them as in their wisdom they
may deem proper. With a clear view of all matters connected
with their feeling and interests It should not surprise the Chero-
kees to learn that such measures are in progress under the orders
of the President as will render abortive any attempt to again dis-
turb the quiet of the frontier nor need it be any cause of alarm
to those who intend to act in good faith. All intercourse between
the friendly indians & those at war with Texas must cease. The
President directs that you will cause the contents of this commu-
nication to be made known to all the chiefs who were present at
77Thirty-second Cong., 2nd. sess., Senate Documents, No. 14, p. 20. A. S.
Johnston to Bowl, April 10, 1839, Lamar Papers, No. 1188.
7"Yoakum, History of Texas, II, 261.
7'A. S. Johnston to Bowl, April 10, 1839, Lamar Papers, No. 1188.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/80/: accessed May 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.