The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 75

Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar

Some time in April or early in May Major B. C. Waters was
ordered to construct a military station on the Great Saline, which
was in territory claimed by the Cherokees. Bowl mobilized his
warriors and ordered Waters to leave, which he did, since he was
not supported by a military force of his own large enough to re-
sist the Indians. This naturally aroused the whites, particularly
of the East. The San Augustine Red Lander called on the citizens
to respond to the call of Major Waters for aid in carrying out the
orders of the Secretary of War.8o The Telegraph and Texas Reg-
ister stated that there were constant complaints of Indian aggres-
sions; that the Cherokees had been a source of trouble since 1836,
and that they could not be tolerated longer in Texas.81
The action of Bowl called forth a stern letter from Lamar. He
had learned with surprise, he said, that Bowl had compelled Major
Waters to leave his post on the Great Saline. That officer was
acting under the authority and orders of the government, and any
attempt to interfere with him or to impede the execution of his
duty could be regarded in no other light than as an outrage upon
the sovereignty of Texas. "You assume to be acting under a
Treaty negotiated rtt your village on the twenty-third day of Feb-
ruary 1836 with commissioners appointed by the Provisional Gov-
ernment of Texas." No doubt there were those who would im-
press him with the belief that by virtue of that treaty the Chero-
kees had a right to maintain within the limits of the Republic an
independent government bearing no responsibility to the whites as
though they were a foreign nation. But the Texans had acquired
their sovereignty by many rightful and glorious achievements, and
would exercise it without division or community with other people.
The Indians could never be permitted to exercise a sovereignty
which would conflict with the rights of the Texans. He charged
that Bowl was at the center of all conspiracies, and concluded with
this ultimatum:
I therefore feel it my duty as the Chief Magistrate of this Re-
public to tell you in plain language of sincerity, that the Cherokees
will never be permitted to establish a permanent and independent
jurisdiction in the limits of this government-that the political
and fee simple claims which they set up to our territory now ocu-
pied by them will never be allowed-and that they are permitted
80Quoted in Telegraph and Texas Register, June 19, 1839.
e8Telegraph and Texas Register, June 19, 1839.

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/81/ocr/: accessed December 14, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.

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