The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 76
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
at present to remain where they are only because this government
is looking forward to the time when some peaceable arrangement
can be made for their removal without the necessity of shedding
blood, but that their final removal is contemplated is certain and
that it will be effected is equally so. Whether it will be done by
friendly negotiating, or by the violence of war, must depend on
the Cherokes themselves."
Shortly before this, May 14, 1839, Manuel Flores, who had been
active the year before in the Cordova rebellion, with a party of
twenty-five marauders committed some murders between Seguin
and Bexar. They were pursued by several Texans under Lieuten-
ant James O. Rice, and were overtaken on the San Gabriel fifteen
miles from Austin. In the battle which followed Flores and two
others were killed and the others put to flight. On the body of
Flores were found papers which convinced Lamar and his cabinet
that the Cherokees were again in treasonable correspondence with
the Mexicans. These documents were sent to the Secretary of War
by Colonel Burleson on May 22, reaching him about the time of
Lamar's letter to Bowl.83
These papers consisted of letters addressed to Manuel Flores,
Vicente Cordova, and to the friendly tribes of Texas, by the com-
mandant general for the Eastern Interior States, Canalizo, who
had succeeded Filisola. The letter to Flores, February 27, 1839,
stated that it was impossible for the Federal Government to take
any steps for the recovery of Texas on account of the war with
France. It was possible, however, he said, that the Indians and
loyal Mexicans could defend their homes by joining together against
the Americans. They ought not to depend on flying invasions, but
on operations of a more continuous character, causing perpetual
alarm and inquietude to the enemy. To obtain these objects it
was necessary "to burn their habitations, to lay waste their fields,
and to prevent them from assembling in great numbers, by rapid
and well-concerted movements, so as to draw their attention in
every direction, and not offer to them any determinate object at
which to strike."
Another letter was addressed by Canalizo to the chiefs of the
tribes. As it was the principal basis for the claim that the Chero-
82Lamar to Bowl, May 26, 1839, Indian Affairs, 1831-1841, Texas State
"8Yoakum, History of Texas, II, 259.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/82/: accessed March 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.