The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 77
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Mirabeana Buonaparte Lamar
kees and other tribes were plotting with the Mexicans for the ex-
termination of the whites, it is given in full:
Don Manuel Flores, and the chiefs of the friendly tribes accom-
panying him, will make known to you my sentiments towards your-
self and my friends, the Indians of your tribe; and also what you
have to expect as regards your remaining in quiet possession of the
land selected by you within the Mexican territory for settlement.
And these individuals are informed in relation to. what has to be
Have an understanding with said Flores in order that you may
act in such a manner as to be secured in the peaceable possession
of your lands, and to prevent any adventurer again destroying the
repose of your families, or again treading the soil where repose the
bones of your forefathers, and be careful not to deviate from his
Act under the full assurance of our generosity, of which we have
given so many proofs, and that nothing can be expected of the
greedy adventurers for land, who wish to deprive you even of the
sun which warms and vivifies you, and who will not cease to envy
you while the grass grows and the water flows.84
This letter was addressed to Captain Ignacio of the Guapanagues;
Captain Coloxe of the Caddoes; The Chief of the Seminoles; Big
Mush, civil chief of the Cherokees; Captain Benito, of the Kicka-
poos; Fama Sargento de los Brazos; Lieutenant-Colonel Bowl of
On receipt of these papers Lamar decided to arrange for the
immediate removal of the Cherokees from Texas, and sent the Vice-
President, David G. Burnet, and the Secretary of War, A. S. John-
ston, to negotiate with them. The commissioners were to offer to
buy their produce and pay for their removal to the United States.
At the same time he announced in a letter to the Shawnees the
intention to expel the Cherokees, in a friendly manner if possible,
but by force if they resisted, and warned the Shawnees to have
nothing to do with the Cherokees or the Mexicans.85
The commissioners reached the Cherokee village about the first
of July and entered into negotiations with Bowl and Big Mush.
Bowl acknowledged that they were intruders and had no legal
"This correspondence was sent by the Texas State Department to the
Texan minister at Washington, and presented by him to the American
Secretary of State, June 29, 1839. It is published in 32 Congress, 2d
session, Senate Document, No. 14, pp. 29-35.
"8Lamar to Linnee and other chiefs and headmen of the Shawnees, June
3, 1839, Lamar Papers, No. 1321.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/83/: accessed May 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.