The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 80
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
proposed war, could be taken by Lamar in the light of the earlier
documents as at least indicating some connection, especially as
they came at a time when Bowl was ordering the military agent
of the government out of his territory and mobilizing his warriors
to prevent the building of a fort.
The whole problem comes back to whether or not the Indians
should have been permitted to establish in Texas a government of
their own, independent of the Texan government. A ratification
of the treaty drawn up on February 23, 1836, under the Provisional
Government would have guaranteed the perpetuation of such a
government. It was inevitable that the whites should encroach
on the Indians, and it was unlikely that a white population would
have tolerated an independent Indian state within their borders.
Lamar, therefore, acted legally and justly, and what is perhaps
more important, logically, in forcing the withdrawal of the Cher-
okee Indians from Texas.
This story ends with the passage on February 1, 1840, of an act
for sectionizing and selling the lands which had been occupied
by the Cherokees." The act made no provision for the settlers
who had come into the territory since 1829, and because of this and
the desire of many to locate claims in that region, there was bitter
opposition to the passage of the bill. Houston, who was now a
member of Congress, led the advocates of the bill, while the oppo-
sition was led by David S. Kaufman, Speaker of the House. The
advocates of the measure claimed that the Cherokee lands did not
come under the general land act, as they had been won from the
Indians only in the preceding July, and that they actually beloned
to the government for disposal as it saw fit. The opponents of the
measure claimed that the lands had always belonged to the Re-
public, hence they should come under the terms of the general land
act and be disposed of as other lands of the Republic. The argu-
ment that the sale of the lands would bring much needed revenue
into the treasury overcame the objections of many who held that
the Indians had no legal right to the land or of occupancy, and the
measure became a law.
(To be continued.)
"0Gammel, Laws of Texas, II, 358.
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/86/: accessed December 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.