The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921 Page: 84
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
fessor Bolton has made an important contribution to the early
history of North America. It is not only an interpretation of
Kino's manuscript, but also an excellent biographical sketch of
that interesting personage. Kino's labors and personality may
best be described in the words of Professor Bolton:
He was great not only as a missionary and church builder,
but also as an explorer and ranchman. By him or directly under
his supervision missions were founded on both sides of the Sonora-
Arizona boundary, on the Magdalena, Altar, Son6ita, and Santa
Cruz Rivers. The occupation of California by the Jesuits was
the direct result of Kino's former residence there and of his per-
sistent efforts in its behalf, for it was from Kino that Salvatierra,
founded of the permanent California missions, got his inspiration
for that work. To Kino is due the credit for first traversing
in detail and accurately mapping the whole of Pimeria Alta.
. . .During his twenty-four years of residence at the mis-
sion of Dolores, between 1687 and 17111, he made more than fifty
journeys inland, an average of more than two per year.
In the course of them he crossed and recrossed repeatedly all of
the two hundred miles of country between the Magdalena and the
Gila and the two hundred and fifty miles between the San Pedro
and the Colorado. When he first opened them nearly all his trails
were either absolutely untrod by civilized man or had been alto-
gether forgotten. . .. One of his routes was over a forbid-
ding, waterless waste, which has since become the graveyard of
scores of travelers who have died of thirst because they lacked
Father Kino's pioneering skill. . . . In the prosecution of
these journeys Kino's energy and hardihood were almost beyond
In addition to all of this, as Professor Bolton points out, Kino
was very active in his literary work and map-making. The editor
has also given us the personal, subjective side of the great mis-
sionary, and draws a picture that constitutes a new tribute to the
sincerity and value of Spain's civilizing work in America. Kino's
perseverance, piety, resourcefulness, business ability, personal cour-
age, and medieval asceticism bespeak an unusual character worthy
of close study. The sympathetic enthusiasm of the editor adds
charm and interest to the entire work.
The translation is unusually accurate and painstaking. The
volumes abound in helpful footnotes indicative of Professor Bol-
ton's marvelous familiarity with his field. A number of contem-
porary maps are reproduced for the first time, and the editor has
compiled a detailed map of the scene of Father Kino's labors
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921, periodical, 1921; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/m1/90/: accessed April 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.