The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922 Page: 94
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94 The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
most of all. Throughout the period to be considered, the Spaniards
never lost their distrust of foreigners, although the authorities
finally permitted the entry of a number of them who had located
in Louisiana and had been there made Spanish vassals, in hopes,
at first, that they would form a buffer against the English of Can-
ada; next, that they would weaken the United States by their
emigration, and, finally, that they might even be induced to set up
a separate government in the west.33 Indeed, the local officials
responsible for inviting immigrants into Louisiana may justly be
held accountable for the final loss of Texas.
Imperfect execution of exclusive policy.-In January, 1799, Jos6
MariA Guadiana, Lieutenant Governor, who was stationed at Nacog-
doches, wrote to Governor Mufioz, saying that, in obedience to
orders, he had refused the second request of a certain "Hriala
Wiggins and Hare Crow,""4 inhabitants of Rapide, Louisiana, to
hunt bear, beaver, and deer near Nacogdoches. He had also or-
dered out of the province Juan McFarrel, an American, who had
a passport from the commandant of Natchitoches, and had decided
to keep an eye on Samuel Davenport, another American, who had
been going in and out of Nacogdoches for years, and who at that
time was associated in business with Eduardo Morfil, of Natchi-
toches, and William Barr of Nacogdoches. Both of the last named
men, he said, bore good reputations and were engaged in furnish-
ing supplies for Indian trade at Nacogdoches." The presence of
these men in Texas naturally raises the question as to the number
of foreigners who, by fair means or foul, had managed to gain
entry into Texas by 1801.
Foreigners in Texas in 1801.-No census of Texas for this year
has been found; but a list of foreigners in the jurisdiction of
Nacogdoches in January, 1804, furnishes the information desired.
In this register the commandant records the name, nationality, and
term of residence of each person."6 It contains the names of
"8Phelps, Louisiana, 149-177.
84The Spanish spelling of proper names has been followed except in case
where the real names of foreigners has been determined from original
"Guadiana to Mufioz, January 3, 1799.
SIt is, therefore, possible to determine roughly how many foreigners
there were in the jurisdiction of Nacogdoches in 1801 and to ascertain
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922, periodical, 1922; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101082/m1/100/: accessed June 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.