The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922 Page: 7
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Annexation of Texas and the Mississippi Democrats 7
kets for the manufactures of northern states, for the agricultural
products of the middle and western states, all of which would in-
volve an increase of shipping and an expansion of commerce.19
This argument put forth by Huston in an elaborate exposition
of the reasons for immediate annexation was intended to reconcile
northern sentiment to an increase of slave territory; for first and
last Huston was the most extreme advocate of annexation be-
cause of its bearing upon the question of slavery. Others argued
that annexation would bring a reduction in the price of lands in
consequence of the extension of the national domain, and would
prevent Texas as an independent state from supplying the Eng-
lish market with cotton to the ruin of the southern planter.20
Governor Brown dwelt upon the danger of Texas as a rival in
the production of cotton in case that country became a part of
the dominions of England.21 Texas as a free-labor nation, argued
the Free Tiader, would glut English markets not only with cotton,
but with tobacco and rice as well.22
Reference has been made to the fact that during the years that
intervened between the attainment of independence and the emer-
gence of annexation as an issue in party politics, deep concern was
manifested in Mississippi at the danger that was believed to
menace the South and its interests unless Texas were annexed.
Men in Mississippi as elsewhere in the lower South had come to
believe that the annexation of Texas was all essential to the pres-
ervation of the Union. It would have been most surprising,
therefore, if in the campaign of 1844 this argument had not re-
ceived cordial and wide-spread support. Second only in impor-
tance to, what may be termed this sectional motive was the deep-
seated anti-British sentiment which manifested itself mostly,
though by no means exclusively, in the newspapers. At no period
"Mississippian, May 30, 1844; Cf. Ripley Advertiser, Mch. 22, 1845.
The Independent Democrat, Feb. 17, 1844, declared one of the principal
reasons why the admission of Texas was favored was because it involved
an extension of the principles of free trade.
"For an allusion to this argument, see Garrison, Dip. Cor. Tex., II,
222; Cf. Reeves, Diplomacy under Tyler and Polk, 92.
"MS. Executive Journal. Dept. Archives and History.
"2Free Trader, Oct. 16, ]844. Though never losing an opportunity to
set forth the iniquities of a protective tariff, this stalwart democratic
journal deplored the ruin of tariffs and manufactures in consequence of
an independent Texas throwing open her ports to the commerce of the
world, thereby deluging the Mississippi valley with goods duty free.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922, periodical, 1922; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101082/m1/13/: accessed October 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.