The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922 Page: 223
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Book Reviews and Notices
but the legal opinions of Lord Camden and Charles Yorke that
titles obtained directly from the Indian tribes were valid had
encouraged attempts to circumvent the government. Richard Hen-
derson was one of several who took advantage of this opinion. In
the spring of 1775 he and his associates obtained from the Cher-
okees large grants of land in Kentucky and along the Cumber-
Here we reach the climax of the story. In 1775 was estab-
lished in Kentucky the colony of Transylvania under the active
leadership of Henderson himself. Transylvania was a proprietary
colony, with a liberal form of government, and the proprietors
soon encountered the same sort of dissatisfaction and resistance
here as had their prototypes east of the mountains. Virginia, too,
opposed the claims of the North Carolinians, and George Rogers
Clark headed the opposition in Kentucky which resulted in the
loss of Henderson's claims. The author claims that notwith-
standing this defeat, Henderson's work was of the highest im-
portance to America, because this colony of Transylvania, estab-
lished just at the outbreak of the Revolution, served as a base of
resistance to and operations against the British in the northwest
and was the means of saving that vast region to the United States.
Henderson now turned to his other project-a colony on the Cum-
berland. This, undertaken in 1779-1780 under the immediate
leadership of James Robertson, resulted in the founding of Nash-
ville; but here too the company was unable to make good its claim
which was set aside three years later by the state of North Caro-
lina. At this point the main narrative ends; but there follow three
chapters-"King's Mountain," "The State of Franklin," and "The
Lure of Spain"-which carry forward the story of Tennessee to
the admission of that state into the Union in 1796.
This imperfect summary does not, of course, do justice to Mr.
Henderson's excellent narrative; but it may suggest one criticism,
namely, that the main title is too large for the book. Piedmont
Virginia is not quite ignored, and the frontier of South Carolina
gets some attention-the account of the Cherokee war is very
welcome-but on the whole both of these regions receive slight
treatment. Practically nothing is said of the intense activities
of other land companies and traders who moved by the upper
routes into Kentucky, although Alvord's work in this field was
available; and absolutely nothing is said of the very interesting
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922, periodical, 1922; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101082/m1/229/: accessed June 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.