The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922 Page: 229
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VoL. XXV APRIL, 1922 No. 4
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed by
contributors to THE QUARTERLY
THE INDIAN POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF TEXAS*
INDIAN TRIBES OF TEXAS DURING THE REPUBLIC
The Indians residing in Texas during the Republic may be
divided into two groups, those who, were indigenous, and those
who were immigrants. The immigrant Indians may also be classi-
fied under two heads, the tribes which were forced south by hostile
northern Indians, and the tribes which were pushed west by the
expanding frontier of the United States. Thomas M. Marshall
in his History of the Western Boundary of the Louisiana Purchase
gives the above classification.' The writer of this paper, though
using Marshall's divisions, has taken the liberty of making some
changes in the enumeration and discussion of the tribes under the
I. Native Indian Tribes of Texas
The Karankawa. It seems that the name, Karankawa, was
applied originally to a small group of Indians living near Mata-
*A thesis presented to the Faculty of the Graduate Department of the
University of Texas for the degree of Master of Arts.
The writer's thanks are due to the officials of the Texas State Library,
and to the library staff of the University of Texas. I wish especially to
express my gratitude to Mr. E. W. Winkler, Reference Librarian of the
University of Texas, for his valuable assistance in locating material, and
to Professor Eugene C. Barker of the University of Texas for his many
helpful suggestions and criticisms in the preparation of the manuscript.
'Marshall, A History of the Western Boundary of the Louisiana Pur-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922, periodical, 1922; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101082/m1/235/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.