The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922 Page: 19
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Annexation of Texas and the Mississippi Democrats 19
"'twere well' done if it were done quickly."
The reasons for annexation which are dwelt upon with most in-
sistence by the party organs are similar to those with which we
have become familiar. The most widely read and influential
party journal perhaps was the Mississippi Free Trader, published
at Natchez, and edited for a time by John F. H. Claiborne, the
well-known historian. From the beginning to the end of the
campaign this paper strove to impress upon its readers the im-
portance from every angle to the South of annexation. For this
would ensure the safety of the southwest, secure the command of
the Gulf, crush the abolitionist intrigues of England, and above
all, give the slaveholding states a perpetual majority in the Senate
of the United States. In editorial after editorial the Whigs of
the North were charged with being open and avowed abolitionists,
who were creating in the masses a deep and an undying hostility
to the southern slaveholder,-"having read us out of the church
of God they claim the privilege of interfering in our domestic
relations and of promoting the abolition of slavery throughout the
world." As the day of election drew near, the Free Trader be-
came almost frantic in its appeals to the "patriots of all parties"
to awake to a sense of their danger involved in the election of
Clay; the mass of the northern Democrats were with the South
on the Texas question; only the election of the Democratic nom-
inees could save the freemen of the South from being driven in a
few years either "to abolish slavery or to defeat it with their
So far as the other Democratic journals are concerned, most of
them simply reiterated the arguments of the Free Trader in favor
of annexation. The radical Vicksburg Sentinel declared that all
other questions were mere moonshine compared with the annex-
ation issue, involving as it did the great contest between slave in-
stitutions and abolition. It solemnly warned southern Whigs
"there is swelling up on all sides a feeling against slavery, in-
creasing so fast that this may be the last Congress in which the
aThe Vicksburg Sentinel, Jan. 20, 1845, complained that scheming
politicians were seeking to array the moral and religious feeling of the
world against Southern institutions.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922, periodical, 1922; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101082/m1/25/: accessed May 27, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.