The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922 Page: 20
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20 The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
South will have it in her power to protect herself."54 It was
enough for the Sentinel and Expositor that Jackson had pro-
nounced in favor of immediate annexation, for the editor would
"sooner pin our political faith to the cast-off shoes of the old
veteran and champion than to the brains of most other men."
Admiration was expressed for the delicacy and honesty of Van
Buren,-but "we go for Texas now, for Texas alwayss."5 The
most important contribution made to the subject by the Independ-
ent Democrat was comprised in an editorial entitled "Party Divi-
sions." In this the writer urged a new alignment of parties: in
the first place, northern and southern Democrats had little in
common save opposition to a national bank, which question was a
"mere bagatelle"; too many northern Democrats were opposed to
free trade, too many had voted for the admission of abolitionist
petitions. The southern branch of the Whig party was more akin
politically to southern Democrats than to the northern Whigs. In
short, the time had come when parties in the South should unite
against the enemies of free trade, of southern slavery and of the
annexation of Texas.6 Upon receipt of the news of the passage
by the House of Representatives of the resolution in favor of an-
nexation, the Columbus Democrat exclaimed: "Now is the golden
moment; if the resolution is not acted on at this session, Texas will
be lost to us forever,"-in which event a Whig Senate "must
forever bear the curses and execrations of an outraged and an in-
jured people."57 The slogan of the Holly Springs Guard, the lead-
ing organ of the party in the northern part of the state, was "For
annexation cost what it may"; for the measure was fraught with
the immediate and permanent welfare of the South and West. In
an editorial entitled "Measures, not Men," the editor used this
language: "The Democracy of the South must proclaim to the
world their determination to forsake all else and cleave to south-
ern interests and institutions. Clay has but to speak and his
"Vicksburg Sentinel, Feb. 7, 14, Apr. 2, 29, 30, May 6, June 12, Oct. 30,
1844; Jan. 30, Feb. 14, 1845.
"Sentinel and Expositor, May 21, 1844.
"Independent Democrat, Feb. 3, 17, Mch. 27, June 15, July 27, 1844.
The Free Trader, Oct. 30, 1844, commented: "South Carolina erred, but
was pure and patriotic."
"7Columbus Democrat, Apr. 27, May 11, 1844; Jan. 11, Feb. 15, Meh. 1,
1845. Cf. Diary of James K. Poll (Ed. Quaife), IV, 41.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922, periodical, 1922; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101082/m1/26/: accessed January 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.