The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922 Page: 36
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The Southwestern, Historical Quarterly
government. The governor by this method is made a mere puppet
of authority, and for all we can see might with all propriety be
dispensed with altogether. He is placed at the head of the de-
partment, is made responsible for its management, and is charged
with the execution of its duties; yet his subordinate officers are
rendered independent of him. He ,can neither appoint nor re-
inove them. They, like himself, are elected by the people. The
Secretary of State, the Treasurer, and the Comptroller are given
to the Executive department rather to restrict and thwart the
measures and policy of the governor than to aid him in public
affairs. . . . To expedite public business and to secure the
welfare of the State, the officers of the departments must act to-
gether in harmony, and this will not often be the case, unless the
governor is authorized to appoint those officers whom he is re-
quired to superintend, and for whose defaults he is in some degree
On the afternoon of July 18, the convention went into a com-
mittee of the whole for further consideration of the report of the
Committee on the Executive. Runnels proposed that the Secre-
tary of State be "appointed for a term of four years by the gov-
ernor, by the advice and consent of the Senate," instead of being
elected by the qualified voters as the committee had recommended.
These objections were made to this amendment: (1) that it would
give the governor too much power and make the secretary his mere
tool, (2) that since the duties were entirely distinct and separate,
the secretary should derive his authority from the people and not
from the governor; and (3) that the governor should have no
power that the people could exercise. The reasons given for de-
siring to vest this power in the governor were: (1) that since
their political duties brought them into very close relation, it was
very essential for them to work in harmony, and that this would
be assured by the governor's making the appointment; (2) that
the governor's power would be increased; and (3) that the gov-
ernor would be responsible for the conduct of the secretary.26
After the convention had discussed the question for some time,
R. Bache, of Galveston, proposed that the secretary should be ap-
pointed for the same length of time as the governor elect,27 and
this recommendation was later adopted by the convention, along
"Texas National Register (Washington), July 11, 1845.
2"Debates of the Convention, 118-132.
"2Debate8 of the Convention, 132.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922, periodical, 1922; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101082/m1/42/: accessed October 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.