The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922 Page: 41
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The Texas Convention of 1845
be sustained; where manufacturing establishments will be raised
and a large number of women and children be congregated, and in
some instances there may be a hundred and fifty women and chil-
dren to one man. When these manufacturing interests get a foot-
hold in our country, you cannot estimate their alarming tendency
in relation to our slave institutions. Upon the coast we have a
body of rich and luxuriant lands, necessarily to be cultivated by
slave labor. Here the proportion of electors is certainly great, for
the counties will consist mostly of large plantations, each having
its overseer without a family. . . . In the Northwest and West
we have a country that will chiefly be occupied by graziers and small
Then on the extended frontier, exposed at all times to the incur-
sions of Indians and perhaps hostile Mexicans, the proportion of
qualified electors was, also, great compared with the population,
while in those parts that enjoyed peace and quiet, the number of
women and children preponderated.43
On July 7, President Rusk had appointed a committee of eleven
members on the Legislative Department, and on July 11, H. G.
Runnels, chairman of the committee made a report, three sections
of which caused much debate:
Sec. 4. The legislative powers shall be vested in two distinct
branches, the one to be styled the Senate and the other the House
of Representatives. . . .
Sec. 9. The whole number of Senators shall, at the several
periods of making the enumeration, be fixed by the General As-
sembly; and apportioned among the several districts, to be estab-
lished by law, according to the number of qualified electors, and
shall never be more than one-third nor less than one-fourth of the
whole number of representatives.
Sec. 30. The General Assembly shall, at its first meeting
. . . cause an enumeration to be made of the free white in-
habitants (Indians not taxed, Africans and the descendants of
Africans excepted), of the state, designating particularly the num-
ber of qualified electors, and the whole number of representatives
shall, at the periods of making the enumerations, be fixed by the
General Assembly and apportioned among the counties, towns, or
cities entitled to separate representation according to the number
of qualified electors. . . .44
A motion was made to strike out the terms "white" and "not
taxed." As Mississippi had recently passed a law permitting In-
'Debates of the Convention, 245-246.
"Journal of the Convention, 55-58.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922, periodical, 1922; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101082/m1/47/: accessed June 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.