The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922 Page: 43
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The Texas Convention of 1845
tion of electors is certainly great. For instance, take the coun-
ties like Brazoria and Matagorda; they will consist of large plan-
tations each having its overseer without a family. Then a county
with a small population, but voting some three or four hundred
strong, will have as great a representation upon this principle as
a county numbering six or eight thousand souls, and voting also
three or four hundred. . .46
The amendment was opposed on various grounds. It was ar-
gued that a mere representation of persons was not the basis re-
quired, but that property, as well as population, should be con-
sidered. James Love of Galveston said that the convention would
"violate every principle of a republican government" if it adopted
the amendment, for "taxation and representation must be equal.
This basis will exclude the large planting portion of the country,
which are and will continue to be the largest tax paying portions
of the state, from their due weight in representation, and will
increase that of those paying less tax." F. J. Moore insisted that
within fifteen years slavery would be abolished by popular vote
if it was not protected by "some checks or balances," for the state
was so divided as to "confine the slave population to one part of
it, and the free population to another.""47
However, those supporting the amendment were just as per-
sistent in demanding "free population" as the proper basis, since
they considered "it a fundamental principle that government is
founded for the protection and benefit of the whole." Isaac Van
Zandt said that he would support the amendment even though it
should take away "weight from one portion of the country and
give it to another," for he "believed that free white population is
the only proper basis."48 As President Rusk saw that sectional
feeling had become very strong, he suggested that the whole matter
be referred to a special committee to devise a compromise. There-
upon, on motion, of J. S. Mayfield, all parts of the report relating
to the apportionment of representation and to taking the census
were referred to the special committee.49
This committee considered three propositions as a basis for rep-
resentation: free population, qualified electors, and the federal
4Debates of the Texas Convention, 201-205.
7"Debates of the Convention, 202-217.
48Debates of the Convention, 214-217.
4Journal of the Convention, 104-106.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922, periodical, 1922; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101082/m1/49/: accessed May 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.