The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922 Page: 44
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
basis. After deliberating for more than three weeks, the majority
of the committee instructed J. S. Mayfield, its chairman, to make
the following recommendations: (1) that the legislature should
at its first session, provide for taking the enumeration of the free
population of the state, and that the representation in the House
should be governed thereby; and (2) that the Senate should con-
sist of not less than nineteen nor more than thirty-three members
to be apportioned by the legislature according to the number of
qualified electors. In other words, representation in the House
should be based on free population and that of the Senate on
When the convention took up the question of representation in
the Senate, August 13, Mayfield said that the special committee
had recommended qualified electors as the basis in the Senate and
free population in the House, as the same struggle that had been
carried on in the convention was renewed in the committee, the
one side contending for free population, the other for qualified
electors. However, as a majority of the committee desired to
secure some provision whereby slavery, "the most important in-
stitution of the land," should be protected, a proposition to base
representation in the Senate upon qualified electors and in the
House upon free population was adopted by a large majority."1
The separate basis for the apportionment of representatives and
senators caused much debate. A number of the delegates declared
that they did not approve of "any compromise, if any had been
made," as they could not perceive "any good which could result
from this." Those who advocated "free population" developed a
more united and determined opposition, while those who. favored
the "federal basis" seemed unyielding, but they were in the mi-
nority. For some time the convention debated the merits and
faults of this proposal. One faction pointed out the unfairness
of not giving to the sections paying most of the taxes more rep-
resentation than to those contributing but little. The other side
stood firmly for free population, as they considered it the only
"just and equitable" basis. The discussion involved a repetition
of the arguments previously employed, until Runnels introduced
Jowrncal of the Convention, 221.
"lDebates of the Convention, 531-533.
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922, periodical, 1922; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101082/m1/50/: accessed June 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.