The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922 Page: 59
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The Texas Convention of 1845
bate followed, but all opposition proved in vain, and the resolu-
tion was adopted by a vote of one hundred and forty-one to fifty-
On December 10, the bill which had been introduced into the
Senate for the admission of Texas was referred to the Committee
on the Judiciary for consideration. A few days later Chester
Ashley, the chairman of this committee, recommended that the
House resolution should be adopted in lieu of the Senate resolu-
tion. Thereupon, Daniel Webster spoke at length against the ad-
mission of Texas, basing his argument mostly on slavery and slave
representation. However, he admitted that he was "quite aware
that the House resolution would be adopted, since it had passed
the House by such a large majority." In reply to Webster's ad-
dress, J. M. Berrien, a southern Whig opponent of annexation, said
that "the pledge of this government has been given, and that it
must be redeemed." J. W. Huntington of Connecticut, however,
protested against the adoption of the House resolution, as he consid-
ered it both "unconstitutional and inexpedient" for Texas to be ad-
mitted with two representatives without knowing that she has suffi-
cient population to entitle her to such representation. These pro-
tests, however, were in vain, for when a vote was taken upon the
adoption of the House resolution, December 22, it carried by a ma-
jority of seventeen votes. Just seven days later President Polk
signed the joint resolution, and Secretary Buchanan promptly for-
warded a copy of it to President Jones,96 who, in compliance with
his instructions from the convention, issued a proclamation direct-
ing the legislature to assemble at Austin, February 16, 1846, for
the purpose of organizing a state government.97
As President Jones had ordered the capitol to be repaired and
the archives and state offices to be removed from Washington to
Austin in November, all was in readiness for the legislature when
it assembled. The capitol building, which had been used as a
church and school since February, 1842, was again occupied as a
95Congressional Globe, 29 Congress, 1 Session, 65; Niles' National Regis-
ter (Baltimore), LXIX, 247.
" Congressional Globe, 29 Congress, 1 Session, 88-92; Niles' National
Register, LXIX, 259-277.
"Proclamation Papers of the Republic of Texas, 1844-1846, in Texas
Archives, State Library.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922, periodical, 1922; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101082/m1/65/: accessed February 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.