The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922 Page: 72

The Southwestern. Historical Quarterly

The Colonizalion of North America, 1492-1783. By Herbert E.
Bolton, Ph. D., Professor of American History in the Uni-
versity of California, and Thomas M. Marshall, Ph. D., Pro-
fessor of History in Washington University. (New York:
Macmillan Company. 1920. Pp. xiv, 609. $4.25.)
The value of a text or reference book in history may be that of
the point of view set forth, or that of the facts presented, or that of
both point of view and facts presented. This book is to be judged
as much, if not more, for the point of view, as for the facts which
it contains.
Heretofore the thesis of most of the so-called American histories
has been that of the Anglo-Saxon westward advance from the At-
lantic seaboard. In such histories it has been the rule to give in
its proper setting and with some detail the narrative of the estab-
lishment, development, and final overthrow of the French colonies
in the St. Lawrence and Mississippi valleys, especially where it was
purposed to make clearer the achievements of the Anglo-Saxon in
his westward march. But generally there is to. be noted a lack of
corresponding detail with regard to the establishment, development,
and delimitation of Spanish Florida-originally imperial in ex-
tent--part of which territory England secured as the spoils of war
at the same time that she obtained Canada and the country lying
between the Alleghanies and the Mississippi River. Happily in
this book, however, the authors have given to Spanish Florida,
which once boasted its northernmost mission in present Virginia,
a proper and logical setting and treatment, comparable to that
of French Louisiana.
Also, heretofore, practically the only references contained in
American histories to the West Indies have been made in con-
nection with the commercial and economic development and re-
lations of the thirteen English colonies. In their book, however,
Professors Bolton and Marshall have clearly brought out the in-
ternational contest which was waged for the West Indies, and
have shown the connection between this and the various eighteenth
century struggles on the mainland. In this way they have given
to the entire movement its real continental significance.
But the chief criticism of American histories as heretofore writ-

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922, periodical, 1922; Austin, Texas. ( accessed April 27, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting Texas State Historical Association.