The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922 Page: 73
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Book Reviews and Notices
ten has been the meager and ofttimes misleading treatment of
the Spanish advance from Central America and the Valley of
Mexico into the Trans-Mississippi West. Surely, if for no. other
reason, since in 1763 the Spanish and English frontiers met at
the Mississippi River, and since between that year and 1853 the
Anglo-American frontier beat against and drove back to the pres-
ent boundary between the United States and Mexico the Hispanic-
American frontier, the narrative of how and why Spain actually
occupied two-thirds of the Trans-Mississippi West deserves a
treatment worthy of such an achievement. Yet too often have
American historians discounted and even belittled Spain's achieve-
ments, and too frequently have they ended the story of Spanish
activities in the present United States where they really began,
namely, with the de Vaca, de Soto, and Coronado expeditions.
But in their treatment of this subject the authors have presented
an entirely new point of view. They have shown in a clear and
logical way that the Spanish advance from Mexico City to the
north was by three separate lines of approach; that the advance
along these lines was steady and continuous and resulted in the
founding before 1763 of permanent settlements in three of the
present forty-eight states of the Union (New Mexico, 1598-1609;
Texas, 1690-1716; and Pimeria Alta, or Arizona, 1687-1711);
that the occupation of Louisiana and California after 1763 were
but parts of the same general expansion movement, inspired in
both instances by the haunting fear of foreign aggression; that
Spain didn't stop with the founding of San Francisco and the
occupation of St. Louis, but, instead, that in her theretofore steady
advance to the northwest from Darien and Mexico-Tenochtitlan,
Spain only made her first permanent backward step in connection
with the Nootka Sound controversy (1790) and the retrocession
of Louisiana (1800).
What the authors have attempted, then, has been to give a new,
and, what will be seen to be, a logical perspective for general
American history. This they have rightly felt could only be real-
ized by regarding the whole of North America, including the out-
lying islands, as the stage for a great international drama, on
which were to be exhibited in chronological order the colonization
schemes and ambitions of rival European nations. This the
authors make clear in certain prefatory sentences: "This book
represents an attempt to bring into one account the story of
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922, periodical, 1922; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101082/m1/79/: accessed June 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.