The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922 Page: 2
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The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
the democratic imperialism under which Texas was annexed," but
he was only the foremost of a coterie of aggressive Mississippi
politicians that included Jefferson Davis, who, with Walker, was
eager to take over all of Mexico,8 and A. G. Brown, a remarkable
leader who represented the small slaveholders and the non-slave-
holders of his state, and who was more radical than Davis in his
views upon annexation and slavery.4
Mississippi afforded a fruitful soil for the propaganda of Walker,
Davis, Brown, Foote and Huston in furtherance of the cause of
annexation. Before the independence of Texas was achieved,
voices were raised in the state in advocacy of annexation. Highly
significant in this connection is the report of a select committee
of the legislature in 1837 which declared "the annexation of Texas
is essential to the safety and repose of the southern states."5 Fur-
thermore, in Mississippi as elsewhere in the South annexation in
1844 "was still a popular measure with most Whig voters."6 Typ-
of the Whig party, whose editors referred to him as the "didapper little
politician," and as a matter of course assailed the "execrable malpractices
of his administration." Pittsburg Bulletin, Dec. 10, 1835; Woodville
Republican, Apr. 11, 1840, May 27, 1843; Mississippi Free Trader, Jan.
11, 1843, Jan. 17, May 15, 1844; Sentinel and Empositor, Apr. 16, 1844;
Vicksburg Sentinel, May 17, 1844; Port Gibson Herald, May 23, 1844;
Mississippian, May 15, 22, 29, 1844; Constitutionalist, May 11, 1844. Cf.
Cole, Whig Party in the South, 12-13.
8Cf. Dodd, Statesmen of the Old South, 185.
'Cf. Hearon, "Mississippi and the Compromise of 1850," Pubs. Miss.
Hist. Soo., XIV, 33. Governor Brown's name deserves to be recalled, if
for no other reason, on account of the splendid services he rendered his
state in laying the foundations of a system of public school education.
His zeal was probably responsible for the passage of the act chartering
the state university in 1844; while in response to his appeal the legisla-
ture passed the act of March 4, 1846, the "first statute in Mississippi
contemplating a uniform and general system of common schools." Ed-
ward Mayes, History of Education in Mississippi, 278-279 (Washington,
'Niles' Weekly Register, LII, 258.
'Cole, Whig Party in the South, 109. Democratic organs claimed four-
fifths and even nine-tenths of the people of Mississippi were in favor of
annexation. Mississippian, May 15, 1844; Free Trader, May 29, 1844;
Columbus Democrat, Mch. 1, 1845; Raymond Gazette, Sept. 19, 1845. The
Constitutionalist, a Whig organ, declared after the election, that it was
absolutely necessary that Texas form part of the Union. (Mch. 27, 1845).
All through the campaign Whig leaders and newspapers protested that
they were not opposed to the annexation of Texas per se, but only to the
manner of its accomplishment. In other words, partisan considerations
overrode what they admitted was for the best interests of their section.
The very fact that Tyler and Calhoun had proposed the scheme was
enough to condemn it in the eyes of every orthodox Whig. And after
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922, periodical, 1922; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101082/m1/8/: accessed June 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.