The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922 Page: 85
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Conditions Affecting Colonization Problem, 1795-1801 85
Spain, for a time, had refused to deliver the frontier posts in ac-
cordance with the provisions of the treaty of 1795, and had made
ready to fortify her territory against attack. This distrust was
kept alive, as time passed, by constant rumors of retaliatory move-
ments from the United States-both by individuals and by the
government. The dislike of the Spaniard for their rapidly grow-
ing neighbor is illustrated by an order issued by the viceroy of
Mexico in July, 1795. Declaring that he had been informed that
the United States was planning to send emissaries to Mexico to
insure a revolution, he gave instructions for the exclusion of all
Americans as well as of all other foreigners and of all suspicious
characters whatever.8 On August 27, 1796, the commandant-
general forbade, under penalty of imprisonment, the entry of any
foreigner into that province or even the admission of citizens of
Louisiana unless they could present satisfactory passports. In
this case, he singled out the Americans as especially objectionable
because of their hostility to France.'
Apprehensions of a combined English and American attack upon
the scattered settlements of Texas during the continuance of the
war in Europe, brought out warning after warning to guard
against surprise in Texas.10 The fear of England's participation
reached a climax during the first year of Miranda's intrigues
against the Spanish dominions of America and gradually subsided
until peace was finally made with England in 1802, leaving Spain
free, for a brief season, to concentrate her anxiety upon the United
In this struggle between Spain and her changing enemies in
Europe and her natural rival in America, the Indians were an im-
portant factor. To understand Spain's plan of dealing with the
Indians is, therefore, important.
Policy of conciliation.-Upon first entering Texas (1690-1716)
the buffer-building Spaniards, who were at that time desirous of
erecting a barrier against the advance of the French, had tried
to christianize the Indians and to introduce among them the cus-
8Branciforte to the Governor of Nueva Santander, July 10, 1795.
'De Nava to the Governor of Texas, August 27, 1796.
"Branciforte to the Prince of the Peace, May 27, 1796, in A. G. I. H.,
legajo 5, No. 64, April 29, 1796-May 27, 1796; and legajo 18, No. 23, July
17, 1797-Sept. 5, 1797.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922, periodical, 1922; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101082/m1/91/: accessed June 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.