The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922 Page: 90
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90 The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
of the Indians against the lure of trade and of conquest offered
by the intruders was needed. In July of that year, there ap-
peared at the settlements of the ostensibly friendly Texas Indians,
near the Neches, nine citizens of the post of Arkansas, Louisiana,22
with a small party of Indians. At the same time, ten Louisian-
ians and Englishmen, in company with still other Indians, went
among the Tawehash and Comanches, who at this particular time,
also posed as allies of the Spaniards. They carried goods and fire-
arms to exchange for horses. Angered by their audacity, Moral
sent out from Nacogdoches an armed party to inquire into the
intrusion, but, because of the hostile demonstrations of some of
the native tribes, he accomplished nothing, the traders merely
withdrawing after their goods had been sold to an advantage.
When De Nava learned of these occurrences, he interpreted them
as meaning that the Indians of Texas were dissatisfied with their
treatment by the Spaniards, and attributed their dissatisfaction
either to the influence of the near-by American colonists, the more
distant English of Canada, or the traders from Louisiana, who,
so he said, were neither French nor foreigners, as had been charged,
but Spanish vassals. He thought, also, that the discontent of the
Indians might be due, in part, to the fact that they were but little
impressed with the military strength of the Spaniards, or to the
fact that the Texas traders could not meet the competition of other
traders since the former were compelled to secure their supplies in
Louisiana under a disadvantage. To the Texas authorities, there-
fore, he gave once more, the oft repeated instructions to treat the
northern tribes with the consideration which their numbers, loca-
tion, and alliance demanded, in order that they might not be
angered and raise complications with the Americans or with the
English. He disapproved the sending out of the armed detach-
ment against the intruders, declaring that Moral should have con-
tented himself with threatening the native Indians with the loss
of the Spanish trade and yearly presents if they persisted in re-
ceiving such persons. He maintained, however, that the order for-
bidding the entry of foreigners into Texas was to be strictly en-
forced so far as the English and Americans were concerned, both
because Spain was at war with English and because the laws of
the country forbade the presence of any foreigner in Spanish
22A pass near the confluence of the Arkansas and the Mississippi.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922, periodical, 1922; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101082/m1/96/: accessed July 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.