The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922 Page: 91
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Conditions Affecting Colonization Problem, 1795-1801 91
dominions.2" Nevertheless, he advised dissimulation in carrying
out the order for the exclusion of Louisianians when not supplied
with proper passports. Such persons, as a rule, were really Span-
ish vassals, he said, and besides it was practically impossible to
prevent their intrusion because of the many unsettled portions of
the frontier through which they might gain an entrance unob-
served. He feared that if they were angered, by being refused
admission, they might incite the Indians to begin active warfare.
He stressed the importance of maintaining the post of Nacog-
doches as a means of holding the friendship of the Indians, by pre-
venting the entry of foreigners among them, and of keeping open
communication with Louisiana, in order that events in the province
might be known. He urged the discouragement of trade in stock;
but admitted that it was almost impossible to prevent the Indians
from trading horses for firearms. He recognized, too, that a vigor-
ous policy against contraband traders might anger the Indians
themselves; and he therefore advised prudence, explaining that the
government of Louisiana had been asked to, aid in preventing sim-
ilar incursions in the future.24 In reply to this request for aid,
Marqu6s de Casa Calvo, governor of Louisiana at that time, ex-
pressed his willingness to assist in preventing contraband trade,
but tried to divert suspicion from the Louisianians and to place it
upon the English and the Americans, whose frontiers reached, as
he said, within sixty leagues of New Orleans. He also drew at-
tention to the fact, that along the western bank of the Mississippi
from Punta Cortada to Puesto de Arkansas, there was not a single
Spanish garrison to prevent the entry of foreigners.25
The intrusion just discussed was by no means a rare case. For,
in spite of the opposition of the Spaniards, many bold spirits took
advantage of the unguarded frontier to push into the forbidden ter-
ritory to trade with the wily Indians who, with equal avidity, re-
ceived favors from both Spaniards and intruders. The latter were
also eager to trade with the Spaniards themselves; and found some
of them daring enough to lay hold, in this way, upon a few of the
comforts and even the bare necessities of life denied them by the
"3See Recopilacion de Leyes de los Reynos de las Indias, Libro IX, Titulo
XXVII, Ley IX.
24De Nava to Elguezabal, September 18, 1799.
2"Casa Calvo to Moral, March 8, 1800, in Moral to Elguezabal, April 26,
1800, and Casa Calvo to [Elguezaball, March 10, 1800.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922, periodical, 1922; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101082/m1/97/: accessed April 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.