The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 5
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The Indian Policy of the Republic of Texas
Indian uprisings from spreading to both sides of the boundary
line, and he thought that he was justified by the treaty of 1831
between the United States and Mexico, by which each country
pledged itself to keep its own Indians from molesting the other.
Every effort had been made by the Civil Government and by the
citizens of Nacogdoches to convince Gaines that there was danger
of serious disturbances by the Indians. Dr. Barker believes that
"alarming reports of warlike Indian movements were deliberately
manufactured, or at the least greatly exaggerated," for the pur-
pose of gaining the intervention of the United States.10 This is
suggested by a letter from Sam P. Carson, the Texan Secretary
of State, to President Burnet on April 14. After recounting
some of the perplexities that confronted Gaines, he said:
I cannot state positively what General Gaines may do, but one
thing I think I may say, that should he be satisfied of the fact
that the Mexicans have incited any Indians, who are under the
control of the United States, to commit depredations on either
side of the line, he will doubtless view it as a violation of the
treaty referred to, and be assured that he will maintain the honor
of his country and punish the aggressor, be he who he may. Now
the fact is that the Mexicans have already with them a number
of Caddoes, some Cherokees, and Indians of other tribes which
are under the protection and control of the United States. It is
only necessary then to satisfy General Gaines of the fact, in which
case, be assured he will act with energy and efficiency. The
proofs will, I have no doubt be abundant by the time he reaches
the Sabine; in which case he will cross and move upon the ag-
The Committee of Safety at Nacogdoches and private citizens
of that place lost no time in bringing before Gaines the desired
proofs concerning the Indians. C. H. Sims and William Sims
had been sent by the committee to the Cherokees, and on April
11 they returned and reported. C. H. Sims stated that he had
visited the Cherokees thirty miles west of Nacogdoches, and had
found them very hostile, and in fact preparing for war. He said
that they had killed Brooks Williams, an American trader among
"Barker, "The United States and Mexico, 1835-1837," in The Mississippi
Valley Historical Review, I, 18.
"Johnson-Barker, Texas and Texans, I, 446. The chapter in which this
letter is found was written by Dr. Barker.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/11/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.