The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 6
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6 Southwestern Iistorical Quarterly
them. The Indians had informed him that a large body of Caddo,
Kichai, Eyeish, Tawakoni, Waco, and Comanche were expected
to attack the settlements and in all probability the Cherokees
would join them. The number of Indians gathered on the Trinity
was estimated at seventeen hundred. Bowl, the Cherokee Chief,
had advised Sims to leave the country on account of the great
danger. William Sims testified to about the same facts, except
that he mentioned that the Mexicans were among the Indians on
the Trinity. The deposition of M. B. Menard was taken before
the Committee of Nacogdoches on the same day. He stated that
by request of the authorities of the country, he had visited the
Shawnee, Delaware, and Kickapoo Indians, and that he had found
them friendly. The chiefs, however, had reported to Menard that
Bowl had attempted to induce them to follow him in the attack
which he intended to make very soon on the Americans, but that
they had refused. The committee received further evidence that
the Indians intended attacking Nacogdoches through a letter from
James and Ralph Chester, in which these men asserted that the
Indians led by the Caddos had crossed the Trinity and were pre-
paring for hostilities.12
On account of these various reports of an organized movement
of the Indians against the settlements, the Nacogdoches Com-
mittee of Safety appointed John T. Mason as the head of affairs
and suspended civil authority. Mason was at Thompson's Tavern
when the news of his appointment came. The next day, April 13,
he received a short dispatch from R. A. Irion, acting commander
of Nacogdoches, stating that the information concerning the In-
dians had been confirmed, and that the inhabitants were evacuat-
ing the town.'" Mason at once proceeded to Fort Jessup, from
which place he sent a dispatch to Gaines, saying that the in-
formation received concerning the Indians and Mexicans had come
from persons of "unquestionable authority." He went so far as
to say that probably, "at this moment, Nacogdoches is occupied
by the Indians and Mexicans; and if they pursue the families on
"Depositions of C. H. and William Sims, M. B. Menard, and a letter
from James and Ralph Chester to the Committee of Vigilance and Safety
of Nacogdoches, all of April 11, 1836. House Executive Documents of the
United States, 25 Congress, 2 Session, XII, Document 351, 775-776.
1Irion to Mason, April 12, 1836. House Executive Documents, 25 Con-
gress, 2 Session, XII, Document 351, 781.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/12/: accessed August 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.