The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923 Page: 7
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The Indian Policy of the Republic of Texas
their flight, all must be massacred, without instantaneous relief."14
On account of the information received through Mason and the
testimony of Miguel Cortinez,15 Gaines sent eight companies of
the Sixth and five companies of the Third Infantry to the Sabine
River."6 He established a camp on the site of Wilkinson's former
camp. No further communications confirming Indian hostilities
were received, so Gaines did nothing except send out a statement
to Bowl and the other chiefs warning them not to attack the in-
habitants on the border." Lieutenant Joseph Bonnell, who was
sent by Gaines to investigate the Indian situation, reported at
Camp Sabine on April 20. The substance of his communication
was that a Mexican by the name of Manuel Flores had been try-
ing to incite the Caddo to war on the Texans.-8 Bonnell's report
did not show any necessity for a further advance of the United
States troops, and on April 28, Gaines received reliable reports
of the battle of San Jacinto, and the information that the Chero-
kees from the United States intended "to return to their villages,
plant corn and be peaceable."9 The Indian excitement died down.
Toward the end of June, however, Gaines received further in-
formation of Indian hostilities, which convinced him that Nacog-
doches should be occupied. It is not known exactly when the
first United States troops arrived in that place, but it is certain
that they remained there from July 31 to December 19.20 The
Indian war never materialized, and Mexico was unable to invade
Texas because of domestic and financial troubles.21 No doubt
"4Mason to Gaines, April 13, 1836, House Executive Documents, 25
Congress, 2 Session, XII, Document 351, 780-781.
"Testimony of Miguel de Cortinez, interpreted by Nathaniel Amory,
given before Gaines, April 12, 1836, House Executive Documents, 25 Con-
gress, 2 'Session, XII, Document 351, 781. Note: Cortinez stated that
he had been among the Cherokee in February, where he had seen his
brother, .who told him that he held a commission from General Cos to raise
the Indians against the Texans.
"Marshall, A History of the Western Boundary of the Louisiana Pur-
chase, 1819-181, 155.
"Report of Bonnell, April 20, 1836, House Executive Documents, 25
Congress, 2 Session, XII, Document 351, 774-775.
"Barker, "The United States and Mexico, 1835-1837," in The Mississippi
Valley Historical Review, I, 19.
20Ibid., I, 20.
2Marshall, A History of the Western Boundary of the Louisiana Pur-
chase, 1819-18111, 184.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923, periodical, 1923; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/m1/13/: accessed May 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.